Occurrence records map
- Museums Field Guide apps species profiles – vertebrates
- Brief description: A medium-sized carnivorous marsupial with a backwards-opening pouch, stiff tail and a series of dark-coloured bands across the rump.
- Description : A medium-sized carnivorous marsupial. The Thylacine has 15-20 distinctive and irregular black bands from shoulder to butt of the tail. The longest bands occur on the rump and extend as far as the upper thigh. The body hair is short and a lighter colour on the belly. The head is dog-like with short round ears, dark eyes and a thick neck. The tail is stiff and cannot be wagged laterally. Backwards-opening pouch. Total length, including tail, was 180 cm
- Biology : Little is known about the biology and behaviour of Thylacines. Thylacines were common across most of Tasmania, except for the south west. Although accused of killing sheep, their main prey was probably smaller mammals, as well as lizards, ground-dwelling birds and insects. It is thought that they bred annually and moved in small family groups. Similar in size and shape to a large dog, the Thylacine has a backwards-opening pouch, in which up to 4 young could be reared. It is thought that the young remained in the pouch for 3-4 months until fully furred.
- Habitat: The preferred habitat was open woodland areas with plenty of game and sheltered areas for breeding and sleeping during the day.
- Native status: Native to Australia; Tasmania was its last refuge.
- Maximum size (cm): 180
- Diet: Carnivore
- Colours: Brown, black, white, grey, yellow
- Distribution: Tasmania
- Habitat types: Terrestrial
- Commercial species: False
- Author credit: Kathryn Medlock / Tasmanian Museum & Art Gallery
Names and sources
|Didelphis cynocephala Harris, 1808 Harris, 1808 Harris, 1808|
|Published in: Harris, G.P. 1808. Description of two new species of Didelphis from Van Diemen's Land. Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. Ser. 1 Vol. 9 pp. 174-178 pl. 19|
|Thylacinus harrisii Temminck, 1824 Temminck, 1824 Temminck, 1824|
|Published in: Temminck, C.J. 1824. Sur le genre Sarigue - Didelphis (Linn.). pp. 21–54 pls 5–6 [and] Sur les mammifères du genre Dasyure, et sur deux genres voisins, les Thylacynes et les Phascogales. pp. 55–72 pls 7–8. Monographies de Mammalogie, ou description de quelques genres de mammifères, dont les espèces ont été observées dans les différens musées de l'Europe. Ouvrage accompagné de planches d'Ostéologie, pouvant servir de suite et de complément aux notices sur les animaux vivans, publiées par M. le Baron G. Cuvier, dans ses recherches sur les ossemens fossiles Vol. 1|
|Dasyurus lucocephalus Grant, 1831 Grant, 1831 Grant, 1831|
|Published in: Grant, J. 1831. Notice of the Van Diemen's Land Tiger. Glean. Sci. Vol. 3 pp. 175-177|
|Thylacinus striatus Warlow, 1833 Warlow, 1833 Warlow, 1833|
|Published in: Warlow, W. 1833. Systematically arranged Catalogue of the Mammalia and birds belonging to the Museum of the Asiatic Society, Calcutta. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal Vol. 2 pp. 97-100|
|Thylacinus communis Anon., 1859 Anon., 1859 Anon., 1859|
|Published in: Anon. 1859. Descriptive Catalogue of the Specimens of Natural History in spirit contained in the Museum of The Royal College of Surgeons of England. Vertebrata: Pisces, Reptilia, Aves, Mammalia London : Royal College of Surgeons of England pp. xxii 248 pp.|
|Thylacinus breviceps Krefft, 1868 Krefft, 1868 Krefft, 1868|
|Published in: Krefft, G. 1868. Description of a new species of thylacine (Thylacinus breviceps). Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. Ser. 4 Vol. 2 pp. 296-297 pl. 17|
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