Name source
Australian Faunal Directory
Data links

Life Science Identifier (LSID):

LSIDs are persistent, location-independent,resource identifiers for uniquely naming biologically significant resources including species names, concepts, occurrences, genes or proteins, or data objects that encode information about them. To put it simply, LSIDs are a way to identify and locate pieces of biological information on the web.

Data Links


For a JSON view of this data, click here


To use WMS services, copy and paste the following GetCapabilities URL into your OGC client (e.g. uDIG, ESRI ArcGIS) glaber
For higher taxa, this will give you a hierarchical listing of layers for each taxon.


To download an RDF/XML document for the concepts and names click here
A JSON view of this information is here here
A html view of this information is here here

Further details

For more details on occurrence webservices, click here
For more details on names webservices, click here

Species presence
 Recorded In Australia
 Marine Habitats
 Terrestrial Habitats

Occurrence records map

occurrence map map legend

View records list Map & analyse records

  • representative image of taxa
    Source: Australian National Fish Collection Images
    Image by: Australian National Fish Collection, CSIRO
    Rights: Australian National Fish Collection, CSIRO. Image enhanced during FRDC project

Online resources

Australian Museum provider for OZCAM
Images, Occurrence record
Australian National Fish Collection Images
Authoritative image, Images, Occurrence record
Images, Occurrence record
Encyclopedia of Life
Flickr EOL
Images, Occurrence record
Port Phillip Marine Life
Images, Occurrence record
Reef Life Survey Images
Images, Occurrence record
Seafood Services Australia
CAAB Code, Author
Images, Occurrence record

Species Lists

RLS profile v3
Abundance: 2.219
Behaviour: The smooth toadfish is one of the most abundant fishes in muddy estuaries along the southeastern coast, with some animals entering the lower reaches of rivers
Commercial_Uses: None, other than trivial captures for aquarium trade
Common_Name: Smooth toadfish;
Depth: 0–10 m
Description: The species can be recognised by the red tail and pattern of large black spots with well-defined margins on the upper body
Distribution: Port Lincoln, SA, to Moreton Bay, Qld, and around Tas.
Frequency: 2.841
Habitat: Sheltered mud, sand, seagrass
IUCN_Threat_status: Not assessed
Invasive: Not known to be invasive
Max_size: 160 mm
Range: 362.203
Synonyms: Sphoeroides liosomus
Threats: No major threats to this species are known
similar_species: A NSW species, Tetractenos hamiltoni, has a similar pattern but can be recognised by a covering of small spines over the body surface
South Australian Fish from the AFD
Museums Field Guide apps species profiles – vertebrates
Brief description: Body robust, tapering to a narrow tail base, with dark brown irregular spots on the back and sides, overlain with four darker bands, iris red.
Description : Body robust, tapering to a narrow tail base with a distinct skin-fold along lower sides, and small dorsal and anal fins positioned far back on body; mouth small, teeth fused into a 'beak'; belly inflatable. Back and sides with dark brown irregular spots overlain with four darker bands, spots elongate and more widely-spaced on lower sides; underside white, iris red. Maximum total length 16 cm.
Biology : Often abundant in shallow bays and estuaries where they feed on crabs, shrimps and molluscs. Although commonly caught, Smooth Toadfish are very poisonous and should never be eaten, nor fed to pets.
Habitat: Seagrass beds and sandy or muddy areas in shallow bays and estuaries, to depth of 20 m.
Native status: Native to Australia
Diet: Benthic invertebrates
Dangerous: Highly poisonous. Do not eat.
Distribution: South-eastern Australia.
Habitat types: Marine
Depth: Shallow (1-30m)
Water column: On or near seafloor
Commercial species: False
Author credit: Dianne J. Bray, Dr Martin F. Gomon / Museum Victoria

Names and sources

Accepted name Source
Tetractenos glaber


Synonyms Source
Tetrodon glaber Fréminville, 1813 Fréminville, 1813
Published in: Fréminville, M. 1813. Description de quelques nouvelles espèces des Poissons de l'ordre des Branchiosteges. Nouv. Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris Vol. 3 (67) pp. 249-253
Aphanacanthe reticulatus Bibron, 1855 Bibron, 1855
Published in: Bibron, G. in Duméril, A.H.A. 1855. Note sur un travail inédit de Bibron relatif aux poissons Plectognathes Gymnodontes (Diodons et Tétrodons). Rev. Mag. Zool. (Paris) Ser. 2 Vol. 8 pp. 274-282
Spheroides liosomus Regan, 1909 Regan, 1909
Published in: Regan, C.T. 1909. Descriptions of new marine fishes from Australia and the Pacific. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. Ser. 8 Vol. 4 (51) pp. 438-440

Common Names

Common name Source
Smooth Toadfish
Read Only Mode
Smooth Toado
Read Only Mode

Working classification

Tetractenos glaber  Recorded in Australia

Occurrence records

View list of all occurrence records for this taxon

Charts showing breakdown of occurrence records

Hint: click on chart elements to view that subset of records

Name references found in the Biodiversity Heritage Library

Name references found in the TROVE - NLA


Desktop version