Name source
Australian Faunal Directory
Data links

Life Science Identifier (LSID):

LSIDs are persistent, location-independent,resource identifiers for uniquely naming biologically significant resources including species names, concepts, occurrences, genes or proteins, or data objects that encode information about them. To put it simply, LSIDs are a way to identify and locate pieces of biological information on the web.

Data Links


For a JSON view of this data, click here


To use WMS services, copy and paste the following GetCapabilities URL into your OGC client (e.g. uDIG, ESRI ArcGIS) jardinii
For higher taxa, this will give you a hierarchical listing of layers for each taxon.


To download an RDF/XML document for the concepts and names click here
A JSON view of this information is here here
A html view of this information is here here

Further details

For more details on occurrence webservices, click here
For more details on names webservices, click here

Species presence
 Recorded In Australia

Occurrence records map

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  • representative image of taxa
    Source: Australian Museum Factsheets


The Northern Saratoga is a large, elongate fish that grows to 1 m, but is more commonly 50–70 cm long. They have a pair of barbels hanging down from the bottom lip, and the mouth faces upwards towards the surface. They are usually a greenish colour along the back, fading to silvery on the belly. Each scale on the sides has pinkish spots along the edge, which often join together. ... source: Australian Biological Resources Study - Species Bank

This fish has a long, dark-colored body with seven rows of large scales, each with several reddish or pinkish spots arranged in a crescent shape around the trailing edge of the scale, giving it a pearly appearance. Its has large, wing-like pectoral fins. Except for duller coloration and smaller scale size, it appears very similar to the Asian arowana , S. formosus . ... source: Wikipedia

The Northern Saratoga is an elongate fish with a single dorsal fin positioned posteriorly on the body. It has a large mouth, chin barbels and a curved dorsal profile. The Northern Saratoga is dark brown to greenish above and lighter on the sides. Each scale has a reddish crescent-shaped mark. source: Australian Museum Factsheets

Online resources

Australian Biological Resources Study - Species Bank
Description, Distribution, Ecology, Threats
Australian Museum Factsheets
Description, Distribution, Morphology, Images, Occurrence record
Encyclopedia of Life
Seafood Services Australia
CAAB Code, Author
Description, Reference, Images, Occurrence record

Species Lists

Museums Field Guide apps species profiles – vertebrates
Brief description: A large elongate fish with an upturned mouth and large scales.
Description : Distinctive upturned mouth, chin barbels, elongated body, large scales, short single dorsal fin and pointed pectoral fins low on the body. Colour variable with habitat, often a silver-bronze colour with orange speckling.
Biology : A surface-dwelling predator. Spawning occurs in the build-up; the female carries incubated eggs in her mouth then guards the newly-hatched larvae. Belongs to an ancient group of freshwater fishes, the Bony Tongues.
Habitat: Freshwater wetlands, billabongs and streams, in clear water among floating aquatic plants or overhanging vegetation.
Native status: Native to Australia
Maximum size (cm): 100
Diet: Carnivore
Dangerous: Harmless.
Colours: Gold, brown, orange
Distribution: North-eastern Australia.
Habitat types: Freshwater
Commercial species: False
Author credit: Michael Hammer / Museum & Art Gallery of the Northern Territory
Queensland : Conservation Status
taxonId: 27038
Kingdom: animals
Class: ray-finned fishes
Family: Osteoglossidae
scientificNameAuthorship: (Kent, 1892)
status: #N/A
sourceStatus: #N/A
QLD_NCA_status_description: #N/A
Endemicity: QAI
Endemicity_description: Naturally occurs in Australia and overseas
Fishbase List of Freshwater Fishes reported from Australia
order: Osteoglossiformes
family: Osteoglossidae
status: native
fishbase name: Australian bonytongue

Names and sources

Accepted name Source
Scleropages jardinii

Common Names

Common name Source
Northern Saratoga
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Bony Tongue
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Gulf Barramundi
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Gulf Of Carpentaria Burramundi
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Gulf Saratoga
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Northern Spotted Barramundi
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Australian Arowana
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Australian Bonytongue
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Jardine's Barramundi
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Northern Barramundi
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Working classification

Scleropages jardinii  Recorded in Australia

Occurrence records

View list of all occurrence records for this taxon

Charts showing breakdown of occurrence records

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Name references found in the Biodiversity Heritage Library

Name references found in the TROVE - NLA