Name source
Australian Faunal Directory
Rank
species
Data links
LSID JSON / WMS /RDF

Life Science Identifier (LSID):

urn:lsid:biodiversity.org.au:afd.taxon:eeccc9f5-cf56-4957-9768-ca9c59c4991a

LSIDs are persistent, location-independent,resource identifiers for uniquely naming biologically significant resources including species names, concepts, occurrences, genes or proteins, or data objects that encode information about them. To put it simply, LSIDs are a way to identify and locate pieces of biological information on the web.

Data Links

JSON

For a JSON view of this data, click here

WMS

To use WMS services, copy and paste the following GetCapabilities URL into your OGC client (e.g. uDIG, ESRI ArcGIS)
http://biocache.ala.org.au/ws/ogc/ows?q=species:Retropinna semoni
For higher taxa, this will give you a hierarchical listing of layers for each taxon.

RDF

To download an RDF/XML document for the concepts and names click here
A JSON view of this information is here here
A html view of this information is here here

Further details

For more details on occurrence webservices, click here
For more details on names webservices, click here

Species presence
 Recorded In Australia
 Marine Habitats
 Terrestrial Habitats

Occurrence records map

occurrence map map legend

View records list Map & analyse records

  • representative image of taxa
    Source: Australian National Fish Collection Images
    Image by: R. McDowall, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA)
    Rights: R. McDowall, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA)

Description

The Australian Smelt is a small slender bodied fish that commonly grows to 80 mm. They have silvery coloured bodies with clear fins. In some populations the adults may be coloured orange or red. Australian Smelt can be distinguished from most other fishes by the rear position of the dorsal and anal fins and the presence of an adipose fin. ... source: Australian Biological Resources Study - Species Bank

The Australian Smelt has a tubular-shaped body with a dorsal fin placed in the posterior half. Behind this is a small

. The fish is usually olive greenish above and white below, but there is considerable colour variation and work is required to clarify the taxonomic status of the species. source: Australian Museum Factsheets

Online resources

ANGFA
Images
Australian Biological Resources Study - Species Bank
Description, Distribution, Ecology, Threats
Australian Museum Factsheets
Description, Distribution, Morphology, Habitat, Images, Occurrence record
Australian National Fish Collection Images
Authoritative image, Images, Occurrence record
CCARP Database of Watering Requirements - Images
Images, Occurrence record
Desert Fishes Council
Distribution, Morphology, Habitat, Reproduction
Encyclopedia of Life
Description, Images, Occurrence record
Queensland Museum provider for OZCAM
Images, Occurrence record
Seafood Services Australia
CAAB Code, Author
Wikipedia
Distribution, Morphology, Habitat, Diet, Reference

Species Lists

Database of watering requirements of biota from floodplain wetlands of the Murray-Darling Basin
Breeding Habitat: Not applicable
Diet: Unknown
Dispersal: Triggered by increased temperature.
Foraging Habitat: Not applicable
Functional Group: Native main channel generalists and wetland opportunists
Habitat: Around macrophytes.
Life Stage Duration: Spring
Migration: No
Mode of Floodplain Use: Unknown
References: Heagney E, et al. (2009) 'Growth and condition of juvenile Australian smelt and bony bream in the Gwydir wetlands: an otolith-based analysis.' University of New South Wales: Sydney. Humphries P, et al. (1999) Environmental Biology of Fishes 56, 129-151. King AJ (2004) Journal of Fish Biology 65, 1582-1603. King AJ, et al. (2003) Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 60, 773-786. Lintermans M (2007) Fishes of the Murray-Darling Basin: An introductory guide. MDBC Publication No. 10/07. Murray-Darling Basin Authority: Canberra. Llewellyn LC (1983) 'The distribution of fish in New South Wales.' New South Wales State Fisheries, Sydney. McDowall RM (Ed.) (1996) 'Freshwater fishes of south-eastern Australia (2nd edn).' (Reed Books: Sydney) Merrick JR and Schmida GE (1984) Australian freshwater fishes: Biology and Management. Murray Darling Basin Commission: Canberra. Milton DA and Arthington AH (1985) Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 36, 329-341. Schiller CB, et al. (1997) Distribution and abundance of native fish in New South Wales rivers. In Fish and rivers in stress: The NSW rivers survey. (Eds JH Harris and PC Gehrke) pp. 71-102. New South Wales Fisheries Office and the Cooperative Research Centre for Freshwater Ecology. Treadwell S and Hardwick R (2003) 'Review of habitat associations of native fish in the Murray-Darling Basin.' Murray-Darling Barin Commission Project R2105. Sinclair Knight Merz Consulting: Armidale. Young WJ, et al. (2003) 'Murray flow assessment tool: A technical description.' Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Land and Water, Canberra, ACT.
Refugia Habitat: Unknown
Reproduction Flood Reliance: Partial
Reproduction Flood Reliance Explanation: Spawning and flood period overlap
Reproduction Timing: September - February
Reproduction Timing Pattern: September,October,November,December,January,February
Roosting Habitat: Not known
Trophic Status: Unknown
lifeStage: Spawning
Database of watering requirements of biota from floodplain wetlands of the Murray-Darling Basin
Breeding Habitat: Not applicable
Diet: Small terrestrial and aquatic insects, crustaceans.
Dispersal: Upstream dispersal movement in spring and summer during increased flow.
Foraging Habitat: Not applicable
Functional Group: Native main channel generalists and wetland opportunists
Habitat: Backwaters and still littoral habitats in the main channel and billabongs.
Life Stage Duration: Approximately 1 year
Migration: Unknown
Mode of Floodplain Use: Opportunistic
References: Heagney E, et al. (2009) 'Growth and condition of juvenile Australian smelt and bony bream in the Gwydir wetlands: an otolith-based analysis.' University of New South Wales: Sydney. Humphries P, et al. (1999) Environmental Biology of Fishes 56, 129-151. King AJ (2004) Journal of Fish Biology 65, 1582-1603. King AJ, et al. (2003) Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 60, 773-786. Lintermans M (2007) Fishes of the Murray-Darling Basin: An introductory guide. MDBC Publication No. 10/07. Murray-Darling Basin Authority: Canberra. Llewellyn LC (1983) 'The distribution of fish in New South Wales.' New South Wales State Fisheries, Sydney. McDowall RM (Ed.) (1996) 'Freshwater fishes of south-eastern Australia (2nd edn).' (Reed Books: Sydney) Merrick JR and Schmida GE (1984) Australian freshwater fishes: Biology and Management. Murray Darling Basin Commission: Canberra. Milton DA and Arthington AH (1985) Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 36, 329-341. Schiller CB, et al. (1997) Distribution and abundance of native fish in New South Wales rivers. In Fish and rivers in stress: The NSW rivers survey. (Eds JH Harris and PC Gehrke) pp. 71-102. New South Wales Fisheries Office and the Cooperative Research Centre for Freshwater Ecology. Treadwell S and Hardwick R (2003) 'Review of habitat associations of native fish in the Murray-Darling Basin.' Murray-Darling Barin Commission Project R2105. Sinclair Knight Merz Consulting: Armidale. Young WJ, et al. (2003) 'Murray flow assessment tool: A technical description.' Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Land and Water, Canberra, ACT.
Refugia Habitat: Unknown
Reproduction Flood Reliance: Not applicable
Reproduction Flood Reliance Explanation: Not applicable
Reproduction Timing: Not applicable
Roosting Habitat: Not known
Trophic Status: Carnivore
lifeStage: Larvae and juveniles
Database of watering requirements of biota from floodplain wetlands of the Murray-Darling Basin
Breeding Habitat: Not applicable
Diet: Small terrestrial and aquatic insects, crustaceans.
Dispersal: Unknown
Foraging Habitat: Not applicable
Functional Group: Native main channel generalists and wetland opportunists
Habitat: Found in river and floodplain environments with a preference for slow flowing river edge and backwater habitats. Also occurs in open waters with nearby cover from submerged vegetation.
Life Stage Duration: Unknown
Longevity: 0- 3
Migration: Movement associated with spawning.
Mode of Floodplain Use: Opportunistic
References: Heagney E, et al. (2009) 'Growth and condition of juvenile Australian smelt and bony bream in the Gwydir wetlands: an otolith-based analysis.' University of New South Wales: Sydney. Humphries P, et al. (1999) Environmental Biology of Fishes 56, 129-151. King AJ (2004) Journal of Fish Biology 65, 1582-1603. King AJ, et al. (2003) Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 60, 773-786. Lintermans M (2007) Fishes of the Murray-Darling Basin: An introductory guide. MDBC Publication No. 10/07. Murray-Darling Basin Authority: Canberra. Llewellyn LC (1983) 'The distribution of fish in New South Wales.' New South Wales State Fisheries, Sydney. McDowall RM (Ed.) (1996) 'Freshwater fishes of south-eastern Australia (2nd edn).' (Reed Books: Sydney) Merrick JR and Schmida GE (1984) Australian freshwater fishes: Biology and Management. Murray Darling Basin Commission: Canberra. Milton DA and Arthington AH (1985) Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 36, 329-341. Schiller CB, et al. (1997) Distribution and abundance of native fish in New South Wales rivers. In Fish and rivers in stress: The NSW rivers survey. (Eds JH Harris and PC Gehrke) pp. 71-102. New South Wales Fisheries Office and the Cooperative Research Centre for Freshwater Ecology. Treadwell S and Hardwick R (2003) 'Review of habitat associations of native fish in the Murray-Darling Basin.' Murray-Darling Barin Commission Project R2105. Sinclair Knight Merz Consulting: Armidale. Young WJ, et al. (2003) 'Murray flow assessment tool: A technical description.' Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Land and Water, Canberra, ACT.
Refugia Habitat: Unknown
Reproduction Flood Reliance: Partial
Reproduction Flood Reliance Explanation: Spawning and flood period overlap
Reproduction Timing: September - February
Reproduction Timing Pattern: September,October,November,December,January,February
Roosting Habitat: Not known
Trophic Status: Carnivore
lifeStage: Adult
South Australian Fish from the AFD
Southern LEB fish distribution

Names and sources

Accepted name Source
Retropinna semoni

Synonyms

Synonyms Source
Prototroctes semoni Weber, 1895 Weber, 1895
Published in: Weber, M. 1895. Fische von Ambon, Java, Thursday Island dem Burnett-Fluss und von der Süd-Küste von Neu-Guinea. Zool. Stud. Vol. 5 (2) pp. 257-276 1 fig.
Jenynsella weatherilli Ogilby, 1908 Ogilby, 1908
Published in: Ogilby, J.D. 1908. New or little known fishes in the Queensland Museum. Ann. Qld Mus. Vol. 9 (1) pp. 3-41
Retropinna victoriae Stokell, 1941 Stokell, 1941
Published in: Stokell, G. 1941. A revision of the genus Retropinna. Rec. Canterbury Mus. Vol. 4 (7) pp. 361-372 fig. 1 pls 55-57

Common Names

Common name Source
Australian Smelt
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Smelt
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Kantari
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Victorian Smelt
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Working classification

kingdom
ANIMALIA
phylum
CHORDATA
subphylum
VERTEBRATA
suprageneric
GNATHOSTOMATA
suprageneric
PISCES
class
ACTINOPTERYGII
subphylum
EUTELEOSTEI
superorder
PROTACANTHOPTERYGII
order
SALMONIFORMES
suborder
OSMEROIDEI
family
RETROPINNIDAE
genus
Retropinna
species
Retropinna semoni  Recorded in Australia

Occurrence records

View list of all occurrence records for this taxon

Charts showing breakdown of occurrence records

Hint: click on chart elements to view that subset of records

Name references found in the Biodiversity Heritage Library

Name references found in the TROVE - NLA

Genbank

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