Name source
Australian Faunal Directory
Rank
species
Data links
LSID JSON / WMS /RDF

Life Science Identifier (LSID):

urn:lsid:biodiversity.org.au:afd.taxon:c3906400-2ea4-4208-9f7d-4e8e8575721d

LSIDs are persistent, location-independent,resource identifiers for uniquely naming biologically significant resources including species names, concepts, occurrences, genes or proteins, or data objects that encode information about them. To put it simply, LSIDs are a way to identify and locate pieces of biological information on the web.

Data Links

JSON

For a JSON view of this data, click here

WMS

To use WMS services, copy and paste the following GetCapabilities URL into your OGC client (e.g. uDIG, ESRI ArcGIS)
http://biocache.ala.org.au/ws/ogc/ows?q=species:Mola mola
For higher taxa, this will give you a hierarchical listing of layers for each taxon.

RDF

To download an RDF/XML document for the concepts and names click here
A JSON view of this information is here here
A html view of this information is here here

Further details

For more details on occurrence webservices, click here
For more details on names webservices, click here

Species presence
 Recorded In Australia
 Marine Habitats

Occurrence records map

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  • representative image of taxa
    Source: Australian National Fish Collection Images
    Image by: FAO
    Rights: FAO

Description

The Ocean Sunfish is an unusual looking fish. It doesn't have a caudal fin. Instead it has a clavus, which is formed by extensions of the dorsal and anal fin rays. These take the place of a true tail fin which does not form. The

is broadly rounded and has low, rounded projections (called

) which make up the margin.... source: Australian Museum Factsheets

Online resources

Australian Museum Factsheets
Description, Distribution, Morphology, Habitat, Images, Occurrence record
Australian Museum provider for OZCAM
Images, Occurrence record
Australian National Fish Collection Images
Authoritative image, Images, Occurrence record
Encyclopedia of Life
Description, Images, Occurrence record, Video Page Url
OZ Animals
Images, Occurrence record
Seafood Services Australia
CAAB Code, Author

Species Lists

South Australian Fish from the AFD
Museums Field Guide apps species profiles – vertebrates
Brief description: A large, round unusual looking fish with large dorsal fin.
Description : Unusual looking fish lacking a caudal fin. Instead it has a clavus, which is formed by extensions of the dorsal and anal fin rays. These take the place of a true tail fin which does not form. The clavus is broadly rounded and has low, rounded projections (called ossicles) which make up the margin. The teeth in each jaw are fused to form a plate, and the mouth is small in comparison to the body size. Body size up to 330 cm.
Biology : These fish are often seen at the surface where they may be mistaken for sharks, because of the large dorsal fin. The genus name Mola comes from the Latin word for millstone and refers to the rounded shape of the fish. It feeds on jellyfish, salps, comb jellies and occasionally small crustaceans and fishes. Sunfishes are amazingly fecund (highly fertile) fishes. A single adult female can produce up to 300 million tiny buoyant eggs. Fertilisation occurs when eggs and sperm are shed into the water. These Sunfish often meet their end by being struck by a ship. In some countries, not Australia, it is a commercial species.
Habitat: Oceanic waters, but occasionally come inshore.
Maximum size (cm): 400
Diet: Omnivore
Colours: Grey, Brown
Distribution: Eastern, Southern and Western Australia.
Habitat types: Marine
Depth: Shallow (1-30m),Deep (>30m)
Water column: Surface,Midwater
Commercial species: False
Author credit: Mark McGrouther / Australian Museum

Names and sources

Accepted name Source
Mola mola

Synonyms

Synonyms Source
Tetraodon mola Linnaeus, 1758 Linnaeus, 1758
Published in: Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna tria Naturae, secundem Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentis, Synonymis, Locis. Tom.1 Editio decima, reformata Holmiae : Laurentii Salvii pp. 824
Mola aculeata Koelreuter, 1766 Koelreuter, 1766
Published in: Koelreuter, I.T. 1766. Piscium rariorum e mus. petrop. exceptorum descriptiones continuatae. Novi Comment. Acad. Sci. Imp. Petropol. Vol. 10 pp. 329-351

Common Names

Common name Source
Ocean Sunfish
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Short Sunfish
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Giant Sunfish
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Headfish
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Mola Ocean Sunfish
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Moonfish
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Sun-fish
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Working classification

kingdom
ANIMALIA
phylum
CHORDATA
subphylum
VERTEBRATA
suprageneric
GNATHOSTOMATA
suprageneric
PISCES
class
ACTINOPTERYGII
subphylum
EUTELEOSTEI
superorder
ACANTHOPTERYGII
order
TETRAODONTIFORMES
suborder
TETRAODONTOIDEI
family
MOLIDAE
genus
Mola
species
Mola mola  Recorded in Australia

Occurrence records

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Charts showing breakdown of occurrence records

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Name references found in the Biodiversity Heritage Library

Name references found in the TROVE - NLA

Genbank

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