Name source
Australian Faunal Directory
Data links

Life Science Identifier (LSID):

LSIDs are persistent, location-independent,resource identifiers for uniquely naming biologically significant resources including species names, concepts, occurrences, genes or proteins, or data objects that encode information about them. To put it simply, LSIDs are a way to identify and locate pieces of biological information on the web.

Data Links


For a JSON view of this data, click here


To use WMS services, copy and paste the following GetCapabilities URL into your OGC client (e.g. uDIG, ESRI ArcGIS) platypterus
For higher taxa, this will give you a hierarchical listing of layers for each taxon.


To download an RDF/XML document for the concepts and names click here
A JSON view of this information is here here
A html view of this information is here here

Further details

For more details on occurrence webservices, click here
For more details on names webservices, click here

Species presence
 Recorded In Australia

Occurrence records map

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  • representative image of taxa
    Source: Australian National Fish Collection Images
    Image by: Australian National Fish Collection, CSIRO
    Rights: Australian National Fish Collection, CSIRO


A fairly compressed body with a long bill and jaws with file-like teeth. It is dark blue above, brownish laterally and silvery below. There are about twenty bars on sides of the body that are made up of bright blue spots. source: Australian Museum Factsheets

Online resources

Australian Museum Factsheets
Description, Distribution, Morphology, Habitat, Images, Occurrence record
Australian National Fish Collection Images
Authoritative image, Images, Occurrence record
Encyclopedia of Life
Description, Images, Occurrence record
OZ Animals
Images, Occurrence record
Seafood Services Australia
CAAB Code, Author
Reference, Images, Occurrence record

Species Lists

Museums Field Guide apps species profiles – vertebrates
Brief description: Billfish with a sail-like dorsal fin and vertical stripes on the body.
Description : Distinctive elongated sword-like upper jaw, elongated body and sail-like dorsal fin. Dorsal surface of body dark with a series of vertical stripes; lighter below.
Biology : A fast predatory fish that is highly migratory. Feeds on fishes, crustaceans and cephalopods (the group that includes octopus, cuttlefish, squid). A popular sportfish reaching 100 kg.
Habitat: Open, oceanic waters.
Native status: Native to Australia
Maximum size (cm): 360
Diet: Carnivore
Dangerous: Sharp pointed jaw (sword).
Colours: Blue, silver, white
Distribution: Around Australia.
Habitat types: Marine
Depth: Shallow (1-30m),Deep (>30m)
Water column: Surface,Midwater
Commercial species: True
Author credit: Michael Hammer / Museum & Art Gallery of the Northern Territory

Names and sources

Accepted name Source
Istiophorus platypterus


Synonyms Source
Xiphias platypterus Shaw & Nodder, 1792 Shaw & Nodder, 1792 Shaw & Nodder, 1792
Published in: Shaw, G. & Nodder, F.P. 1792. The Naturalist's Miscellany, or coloured figures of natural objects; drawn and described from nature. London Vol. 3 pls 88–110, unnumbered pages
Istiophorus gladius (Bloch, 1793)
Published in: McCulloch, A.R. 1929. A check-list of the fishes recorded from Australia. Part II. Mem. Aust. Mus. Vol. 5 pp. 145–329
Istiophorus gladius (Bloch, 1793) (Bloch, 1793) (Bloch, 1793)
Scomber gladius Bloch, 1793 Bloch, 1793 Bloch, 1793
Published in: Bloch, M.E. 1793. Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische Berlin : J. Morino Vol. 7 pp. 144 pp. pls 324-360
Histiophorus pulchellus Cuvier, 1832 Cuvier, 1832 Cuvier, 1832
Published in: Cuvier, G.L. in Cuvier, G.L. & Valenciennes, A. 1832. Histoire Naturelle des Poissons Paris : Levrault Vol. 8 pp. 509 pp. pls 209-245
Istiophorus pulchellus (Cuvier, 1832)
Published in: McCulloch, A.R. 1929. A check-list of the fishes recorded from Australia. Part II. Mem. Aust. Mus. Vol. 5 pp. 145–329
Istiophorus pulchellus (Cuvier, 1832) (Cuvier, 1832) (Cuvier, 1832)
Istiophorus orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1842)
Published in: Munro, I.S.R. 1961. Handbook of Australian fishes. Nos 1–42. Aust. Fish. Newsl. Vol. 15–17, 19, 20 pp. 1-172
Istiophorus orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1842) (Temminck & Schlegel, 1842) (Temminck & Schlegel, 1842)
Histiophorus orientalis Temminck & Schlegel, 1844 Temminck & Schlegel, 1844 Temminck & Schlegel, 1844
Published in: Temminck, C.J. & Schlegel, H. 1844. Pisces. Fauna Japonica Vol. 4(5–6) pp. 73-112 pls 37-59, 60 (in part)
Istiophorus ludibundus Whitley, 1933 Whitley, 1933 Whitley, 1933
Published in: Whitley, G.P. 1933. Studies in Ichthyology No. 7. Rec. Aust. Mus. Vol. 19 (1) pp. 60-112 figs 1-4 pls 11-15

Common Names

Common name Source
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Bayonet Fish
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Indo-Pacific Sailfish
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Pacific Sailfish
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Atlantic Sailfish
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Indian Sail Fish
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Indo-pacifc Sailfish
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Indo-pacific Sailfish
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Japanese Sailfish
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Peacock Fish
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Sail Fish
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Working classification

Istiophorus platypterus  Recorded in Australia

Occurrence records

View list of all occurrence records for this taxon

Charts showing breakdown of occurrence records

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Name references found in the Biodiversity Heritage Library

Name references found in the TROVE - NLA