Name source
Australian Faunal Directory
Data links

Life Science Identifier (LSID):

LSIDs are persistent, location-independent,resource identifiers for uniquely naming biologically significant resources including species names, concepts, occurrences, genes or proteins, or data objects that encode information about them. To put it simply, LSIDs are a way to identify and locate pieces of biological information on the web.

Data Links


For a JSON view of this data, click here


To use WMS services, copy and paste the following GetCapabilities URL into your OGC client (e.g. uDIG, ESRI ArcGIS) prasinus
For higher taxa, this will give you a hierarchical listing of layers for each taxon.


To download an RDF/XML document for the concepts and names click here
A JSON view of this information is here here
A html view of this information is here here

Further details

For more details on occurrence webservices, click here
For more details on names webservices, click here

Species presence
 Recorded In Australia
 Marine Habitats

Occurrence records map

occurrence map map legend

View records list Map & analyse records

  • representative image of taxa
    Source: Australian National Fish Collection Images
    Image by: Australian National Fish Collection, CSIRO
    Rights: Australian National Fish Collection, CSIRO. Image enhanced during FRDC project


The standard name of the species comes from the yellowish-brown to green colouration of the fish. The head is usually orange. source: Australian Museum Factsheets

Online resources

Atlas of Life in the Coastal Wilderness - Sightings
Images, Occurrence record
Australian Museum Factsheets
Description, Distribution, Morphology, Habitat
Citizen Science
Authoritative image, Images, Occurrence record
Encyclopedia of Life
OZ Animals
Queen Victoria Museum Art Gallery provider for OZCAM
Images, Occurrence record
Reef Life Survey Images
Images, Occurrence record
Seafood Services Australia
CAAB Code, Author

Species Lists

RLS profile v3
Abundance: 1.153
Behaviour: The species generally remains concealed in crevices during the day and moves about in the open when feeding at night
Commercial_Uses: None, other than trivial captures for aquarium trade
Common_Name: Green moray;
Depth: 0–20 m
Description: The green moray is the species of moray eel most often seen in southern Australian waters. It has a yellowish brown humped head, blending into a green body.
Diet: crabs
Distribution: Shark Bay, WA, to southern Qld and south to Maria I, Tas. Also NZ.
Frequency: 2.530
Habitat: Reef
IUCN_Threat_status: Not assessed
Invasive: Not known to be invasive
Max_size: 970 mm
Range: 226.097
Threats: No major threats to this species are known
similar_species: A second temperate moray eel, the speckled moray Gymnothorax obesus, occurs along the NSW coast. This eel is easily distinguished by colour pattern, as it has numerous cream speckles scattered over a brown body
South Australian Fish from the AFD

Names and sources

Accepted name Source
Gymnothorax prasinus


Synonyms Source
Muraena prasina Richardson, 1848 Richardson, 1848
Published in: Richardson, J. 1848. Ichthyology. The Zoology of the Voyage of H.M.S. Erebus and Terror under the Command of Captain Sir James Clark Ross, R.N., F.R.S., during the years 1839–43 Vol. 2 pp. 139 pp. 75-139 pls 42-43 & 44 (parts), 45-52, 53
Gymnothorax jacksoniensis Bleeker, 1863 Bleeker, 1863
Published in: Bleeker, P. 1863. Notices sur une collection de poissons de la Nouvelle Hollande faite à Port Jackson. Versl. Meded. K. Akad. Wet. Amsterdam [Versl. Akad. Amsterdam] Vol. 15 pp. 442-451
Gymnothorax maculaepinnis Bleeker, 1866 Bleeker, 1866
Published in: Bleeker, P. in Steindachner, F. 1866. Zur Fischfauna von Port Jackson in Australien. Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien. Vol. 53 (1) pp. 424-480 figs 1-7
Muraena callorhyncha Günther, 1870 Günther, 1870
Published in: Günther, A. 1870. Catalogue of the Fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the Physostomi, containing the families Gymnotidae, Symbranchidae, Muraenidae, Pegasidae, and of the Lophobranchii, Plectognathi, Dipnoi, [thru] Leptocardii, in the British Museum London : British Museum Vol. 8 pp. 549 pp.
Gymnothorax leecote Scott, 1965 Scott, 1965
Published in: Scott, E.O.G. 1965. Observations on some Tasmanian fishes. Part 13. Pap. Proc. R. Soc. Tas. Vol. 99 pp. 53-65 fig. 1

Common Names

Common name Source
Green Moray
Is this a preferred common name for this species? YES | NO
Brown Reef Eel
Is this a preferred common name for this species? YES | NO
Green Eel
Is this a preferred common name for this species? YES | NO
Green Reef Eel
Is this a preferred common name for this species? YES | NO
Is this a preferred common name for this species? YES | NO
Southern Green Moray
Is this a preferred common name for this species? YES | NO
Sydney Green Eel
Is this a preferred common name for this species? YES | NO
Yellow Moray
Is this a preferred common name for this species? YES | NO

Working classification

Gymnothorax prasinus  Recorded in Australia

Occurrence records

View list of all occurrence records for this taxon

Charts showing breakdown of occurrence records

Hint: click on chart elements to view that subset of records

Name references found in the Biodiversity Heritage Library

Name references found in the TROVE - NLA


Desktop version