Name source
Australian Faunal Directory
Data links

Life Science Identifier (LSID):

LSIDs are persistent, location-independent,resource identifiers for uniquely naming biologically significant resources including species names, concepts, occurrences, genes or proteins, or data objects that encode information about them. To put it simply, LSIDs are a way to identify and locate pieces of biological information on the web.

Data Links


For a JSON view of this data, click here


To use WMS services, copy and paste the following GetCapabilities URL into your OGC client (e.g. uDIG, ESRI ArcGIS) olidus
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To download an RDF/XML document for the concepts and names click here
A JSON view of this information is here here
A html view of this information is here here

Further details

For more details on occurrence webservices, click here
For more details on names webservices, click here

Species presence
 Recorded In Australia
 Terrestrial Habitats
Conservation status
VICCritically Endangered
VICListed under FFG Act
IUCNCritically Endangered

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  • representative image of taxa
    Source: Girraween National Park
    Image by: Vanessa and Chris Ryan
    Rights: Vanessa and Chris Ryan


Barred Galaxias is a small cylindrical, scaleless fish that grows to 160 mm. Adults are a dusky light brown to orange with up to 10 large partial or complete ovoid black bars on the sides. There is no mottling of the sides or the dorsal surface. The head is broad and bulbous, with a large eye and mouth gape, and the pelvic and pectoral fins are large. ... source: Australian Biological Resources Study - Species Bank

The Mountain Galaxias has a small head, large mouth and short-based fleshy fins. The colouration of this species is highly variable. It can be yellowish green to brown above, olive to silvery below, and have speckles, blotches and banding. source: Australian Museum Factsheets

Online resources

Australian Biological Resources Study - Species Bank
Description, Distribution, Ecology, Threats
Australian Museum Factsheets
Description, Distribution, Morphology, Habitat, Images, Occurrence record
Australian Museum provider for OZCAM
Images, Occurrence record
Images, Occurrence record
Encyclopedia of Life
Museum Victoria provider for OZCAM
Images, Occurrence record
Port Phillip Marine Life
Images, Occurrence record
Seafood Services Australia
CAAB Code, Author
Images, Occurrence record

Species Lists

Advisory List of Threatened Vertebrate Fauna in Victoria 2013
VIC Advisory List: Critically Endangered
Queensland : Conservation Status
taxonId: 26975
Kingdom: animals
Class: ray-finned fishes
Family: Galaxiidae
scientificNameAuthorship: Günther, 1866
status: #N/A
sourceStatus: #N/A
QLD_NCA_status_description: #N/A
Endemicity: QA
Endemicity_description: Australian endemic
Museums Field Guide apps species profiles – vertebrates
Brief description: Small, yellowish-green to brown, moderately elongate cigar-shaped fish, with darker speckles, blotches or bars above. Fins small, fleshy and translucent.
Description : Small, cigar-shaped fish, but body less slender and elongate than some other Galaxias species. Fins small, fleshy and translucent. Dorsal fin origin in advance of anal-fin origin and tail slightly forked. Body colour very variable, generally yellowish-green to brown above with darker speckles, blotches, bands or bars, underside pale.
Biology : Spawning occurs mainly in spring but may continue through summer. Eggs are relatively large with females producing between about 50 and 350 eggs. Incubation takes around 3 weeks at 15°C and the newly-hatched larvae are about 10 mm long and within 8 weeks the juvenile fish may attain a length of 30 mm. There is no downstream migration to the sea and juveniles may be found with adults in loose shoals. Carnivorous, feeding on a wide variety of insects, crustaceans, molluscs and worms. Suffers competition for food and living space from small trout. Predation by trout also occurs and is considered to be the main reason for the extinction of this species in areas where trout have been introduced. Dr Tarmo Raadik recently completed a PhD on the Galaxias olidus complex and determined that, across its range, it actually comprises 15 species, 12 of which of which have never been described or named.
Habitat: Cool, clear pools in small, slow-flowing streams. Areas with sandy, gravel or rocky substrates, among rocks, or near stream-side vegetation.
Native status: Native.
Maximum size (cm): 13.5
Diet: Carnivore
Dangerous: Harmless.
Colours: Brown, Yellowish
Distribution: South-eastern Australia
Habitat types: Freshwater
Commercial species: False
Author credit: Ralph Foster & Amanda Manuel / South Australian Museum
Victoria : Conservation Status
vernacular: Mountain Galaxias
status: null
sourceStatus: Listed under FFG Act
Victoria : Conservation Status
vernacular: Mountain Galaxias
status: Endangered
sourceStatus: Critically Endangered
Fishbase List of Freshwater Fishes reported from Australia
order: Osmeriformes
family: Galaxiidae
status: endemic
fishbase name: Mountain galaxias
Australia wide : Conservation Status : EPBC
status: Endangered
sourceStatus: Endangered
vernacular: Mountain Galaxias

Names and sources

Accepted name Source
Galaxias olidus


Synonyms Source
Galaxias schomburgkii Peters, 1868 Peters, 1868 Peters, 1868
Published in: Peters, W.C.H. 1868. Über eine neue Nagergattung Chiropodomys penicillatus, so wie über einige neue oder weniger bekannte Amphibien und Fische. Mber. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berl. Vol. 1868 pp. 448-460 figs 1-2
Galaxias ornatus Castelnau, 1873 Castelnau, 1873 Castelnau, 1873
Published in: Castelnau, F.L. de 1873. Contribution to the ichthyology of Australia. 9. New sorts for the Victorian fauna. Proc. Zool. Acclim. Soc. Vict. Vol. 2 pp. 150-153
Galaxias bongbong Macleay, 1881 Macleay, 1881 Macleay, 1881
Published in: Macleay, W.J. 1881. Descriptive catalogue of the fishes of Australia. Part 4. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W. Ser. 1 Vol. 6 (2) pp. 202-387
Galaxias findlayi Macleay, 1882 Macleay, 1882 Macleay, 1882
Published in: Macleay, W.J. 1882. On a species of Galaxias found in the Australian Alps. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W. Ser. 1 Vol. 7 (1) pp. 106-109
Galaxias kayi Ramsay & Ogilby, 1886 Ramsay & Ogilby, 1886 Ramsay & Ogilby, 1886
Published in: Ramsay, E.P. & Ogilby, J.D. 1886. Descriptions of some new Australian fishes. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W. Ser. 2 Vol. 1 (1) pp. 4-7
Galaxias oconnori Ogilby, 1912 Ogilby, 1912 Ogilby, 1912
Published in: Ogilby, J.D. 1912. On some Queensland fishes. Mem. Qld Mus. Vol. 1 pp. 26-65 2 figs pls 13-14
Galaxias fuscus Mack, 1936 Mack, 1936 Mack, 1936
Published in: Mack, G. 1936. Victorian species of the genus Galaxias with descriptions of two new species. Mem. Natl Mus. Vic. Vol. 9 pp. 98-101 figs 1-2

Common Names

Common name Source
Mountain Galaxias
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Barred Galaxias
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Brown Galaxias
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Brown Minnow
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Inland Galaxias
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Inland Mountain Trout
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Johnston's Mountain Trout
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Kosciusko Trout
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Ornate Mountain Galaxias
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Ornate Mountain Trout
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Queensland Mountain Trout
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Schomburgk's Minnow
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South Australian Minnow
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Marbled Galaxias
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Working classification

Galaxias olidus  Recorded in Australia

Occurrence records

View list of all occurrence records for this taxon

Charts showing breakdown of occurrence records

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Name references found in the Biodiversity Heritage Library

Name references found in the TROVE - NLA