Name source
Australian Faunal Directory
Data links

Life Science Identifier (LSID):

LSIDs are persistent, location-independent,resource identifiers for uniquely naming biologically significant resources including species names, concepts, occurrences, genes or proteins, or data objects that encode information about them. To put it simply, LSIDs are a way to identify and locate pieces of biological information on the web.

Data Links


For a JSON view of this data, click here


To use WMS services, copy and paste the following GetCapabilities URL into your OGC client (e.g. uDIG, ESRI ArcGIS) (Hierofalco) subniger
For higher taxa, this will give you a hierarchical listing of layers for each taxon.


To download an RDF/XML document for the concepts and names click here
A JSON view of this information is here here
A html view of this information is here here

Further details

For more details on occurrence webservices, click here
For more details on names webservices, click here

Species presence
 Recorded In Australia
 Terrestrial Habitats
Conservation status
IUCNLeast Concern

Occurrence records map

occurrence map map legend

View records list Map & analyse records

  • representative image of taxa

Online resources

Birds in Backyards
Distribution, Habitat, Diet, Reproduction, Similar Species, Images, Occurrence record, Distribution Map
Images, Occurrence record
Flickr EOL
Images, Occurrence record
Museum Victoria provider for OZCAM
Images, Occurrence record
Reference, Images, Occurrence record

Species Lists

Birds of Western Australia
Common name: Black Falcon
Family: Falconidae
Queensland : Conservation Status
taxonId: 1693
Kingdom: animals
Class: birds
Family: Falconidae
scientificNameAuthorship: Gray,1843
status: Least concern wildlife
sourceStatus: Least concern wildlife
QLD_NCA_status: C
QLD_NCA_status_description: Least concern wildlife
Endemicity: QA
Endemicity_description: Australian endemic
Advisory List of Threatened Vertebrate Fauna in Victoria 2013
VIC Advisory List: Vulnerable
Northern Territory Threatened Species
Genus: Falco
specificEpithet: subniger
taxonID: 617
conservation status code: LC
conservation status: Least Concern
Victoria : Conservation Status
vernacular: Black Falcon
status: Endangered
sourceStatus: Vulnerable
Biological, ecological, conservation and legal information for all species and subspecies of Australian bird
genus: Falco
specificEpithet: subniger
infraspecificEpithet: NA
scientificName_CandB: Falco subniger
nameAccordingTo: NA
Family_vernacularName: Falcons
family: Falconidae
order: Falconiformes
taxonRank: species
Ultrataxon: 1
UltrataxaPerSpecies: 1
SpeciesPerGenus: 37
GeneraPerFamily: 11
FamiliesPerOrder: 1
SpeciesUniqueness: 13.5
UltrataxonUniqueness: 22.3
PatchClade: Falconidae
HackettFineClades: Falcons, Caracaras
HackettCoarseClades: Falcons, Caracaras
PopulationDescription: Endemic (entirely Australian)
establishmentMeans: Endemic (entirely Australian)
CoreTaxa: 1
Non-breedingPopulationsOfCoreTaxa: 0
Extinct: 0
Introduced: 0
Vagrant: 0
Supplementary: 0
EndemicEntirelyInAustralia: 1
EndemicBreedingOnly: 0
Non-breedingOnly: 0
PercentInAustraliaBreeding: 7
PercentInAustraliaNon-breeding: 7
GlobalIUCNStatus_2015: LC
GlobalIUCNCriteria_2015: NA
AustralianStatus_1990: LC
AustralianStatusCriteria_1990: NA
AustralianStatus_2000: LC
AustralianStatusCriteria_2000: NA
AustralianStatus_2010: LC
AustralianStatusCriteria_2010: NA
AustralianStatusJuly_2015: LC
AustralianStatusCriteriaJuly_2015: NA
EPBCStatusJuly_2015: not listed
EPBCYearListed: NA
BonnConvention: not listed
CAMBA: not listed
JAMBA: not listed
ROKAMBA: not listed
Migratory: not listed
EPBCMarine: not listed
ACTStatus_2015: not listed
NSWStatus_2015: VU
NTStatus_2015: not listed
QLDStatus_2015: LC
SAStatus_2015: not listed
TASStatus_2015: not listed
VICStatus_2015: not listed
WAStatus_2015: not listed
AustralianCapitalTerritory: not listed
NewSouthWales: Core
NorthernTerritory: Core
Queensland: Core
SouthAustralia: Core
Tasmania: not listed
Victoria: Core
WesternAustralia: Core
NorfolkIsland: not listed
LordHoweIsland: not listed
HeardIsland: not listed
MacquarieIsland: not listed
ChristmasIsland: not listed
CocosKeelingIsland: not listed
AshmoreAndOtherIndianOceanIslands: not listed
CoralSea: not listed
AustralianFishingZone: 0
AlsoInPapuaNewGuinea: not listed
ConnectivityWithPapuaNewGuinea: NA
AlsoInIndonesia: not listed
ConnectivityWithIndonesia: NA
AlsoInTimor-Leste: not listed
ConnectivityWithTimor-Leste: NA
AlsoInNewZealand: vagrant
ConnectivityWithNewZealand: NA
AlsoInNewCaledonia: not listed
ConnectivityWithNewCaledonia: NA
AustralianContinentalIslandOnly: 0
AustralianOceanicIslandOnly: 0
BodyLength: 50
BodyLengthMin: 45
BodyLengthMax: 55
BodyMassAverage: 738.0
BodyMassMin: 510.0
BodyMassMax: 1000.0
MaleBodyMassAverage: 636.0
MaleBodyMassMin: 510.0
MaleBodyMassMax: 710.0
FemaleBodyMassAverage: 840.0
FemaleBodyMassMin: 610.0
FemaleBodyMassMax: 1000.0
UnsexedBodyMassAverage: 754.0
UnsexedBodyMassMin: 560.0
UnsexedBodyMassMax: 920.0
SourceOfBodyMassData: HANZAB
BrainVolume: 6.50
BrainMass: 6.73
BrainMassResidual: 0.03
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialAridShrubland: 1
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialChenopodShrubland: 1
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialHeath: 0
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialTriodiaHummockGrassland: 1
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialOtherGrassland: 1
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialMallee: 0
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialTropicalSavannaWoodland: 1
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialTemperateDrySclerophyllForestAndWoodland: 1
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialTemperateWetSclerophyllForestAndWoodland: 0
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialRainforest: 0
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialMangroveTrees: 0
FeedingHabitatInlandWatersRiversAndStreams: 0
FeedingHabitatInlandWatersDeepOpenWater: 0
FeedingHabitat_Inland_waters_Shallow_open_water: 1
FeedingHabitatInlandWatersReedsAndTallWetGrassland: 0
FeedingHabitatInlandWatersLowMarshlandAndWetGrassland: 1
FeedingHabitatCoastalSandy: 0
FeedingHabitatCoastalRocky: 0
FeedingHabitatCoastalSoftMud: 0
FeedingHabitatCoastalSaltmarsh: 0
FeedingHabitatCoastalMangroveFloor: 0
FeedingHabitatMarineVeryColdPelagic: 0
FeedingHabitatMarineColdPelagic: 0
138FeedingHabitatMarineTemperatePelagic: 0
FeedingHabitatMarineWarmPelagic: 0
FeedingHabitatMarineColdInshore: 0
FeedingHabitatMarineTemperateInshore: 0
FeedingHabitatMarineWarmInshore: 0
FeedingHabitatOtherNon-AustralianHabitat: 0
FeedingHabitatAgriculturalLandscapes: 1
FeedingHabitatUrbanLandscapes: 0
BreedingHabitatAridShrubland: 1
BreedingHabitatChenopodShrubland: 0
BreedingHabitatHeath: 0
BreedingHabitatTriodiaHummockGrassland: 0
BreedingHabitatOtherGrassland: 0
BreedingHabitatMallee: 0
BreedingHabitatTropicalSavannaWoodland: 1
BreedingHabitatTemperateDrySclerophyllForestAndWoodland: 1
BreedingHabitatTemperateWetSclerophyllForestAndWoodland: 0
BreedingHabitatRainforest: 0
BreedingHabitatMangrove: 0
BreedingHabitatInlandWetland: 0
BreedingHabitatBeachesAndSandCays: 0
BreedingHabitatRockyCoastsAndIslets: 0
BreedingHabitatOtherNon-AustralianHabitats: 0
BreedingHabitatAgriculturalLands: 0
BreedingHabitatUrban: 0
FoodFruit: 0
FoodNectarOrPollen: 0
FoodSeeds: 0
FoodFoliageOrherbs: 0
FoodCormsOrtub: 0
FoodTerrestrial_invertebrates: 0
FoodTerrestrialVertebrates: 1
FoodCarrion: 0
FoodIntertidalInvertebrates: 0
FoodFishOrInvertebratesMarine: 0
FoodfishOrInvertebratesInlandWaters: 0
FeedingAggregationSolitary: 1
FeedingAggregationPairs: 0
FeedingAggregationFlocks: 0
MeanFlightInitiationDistance: NAV
ClutchSizeAverage: 3.3
ClutchSizeMin: 1
ClutchSizeMax: 5
EggLength: 53.7
EggDiameter: 40.5
NestLocationGroundLevel: 0
NestLocationSupported: 1
NestLocationHanging: 0
NestLocationBurrow: 0
NestLocationHollow: 0
NestLocationFloating: 0
NestAggregationSolitary: 1
NestAggregationColonial: 0
NestAggregationParasitic: 0
BreedingSystemCooperative: 0
NationalMovementLocalDispersal: 1
NationalMovementPartialMigrant: 1
NationalMovementTotalMigrant: 0
NationalMovementNomadicOropportunistic: 0
NationalMovementIrruptive: 0
NatureOfInternationalMovements: irregular outward dispersal
MixingBeyondAustralia: 0
LevelOfInternationalGeneticExchange: nil
LevelOfInternationalGeneticExchangeReliability: certain
MaximumTimeElapsedToRecapture: 4244
MaximumDistanceOfRecapture: 346
NumberOfBandedBirdsRecovered: 4
ClimateSpecialisation: 0.452
SpecialisationIndex: 1.04
SensitivityIndex: 1.04
AreaOfSuitableClimateInsideRange: 4842
AreaOfSuitableClimateOutsideRange: 2662
PercentOfSuitableClimateCurrentlyInsideRange: 65
PercentOfSuitableClimateRemainingInsideRange: 51
InsideRange_10thPercentile: 33
InsideRange_90thPercentile: 79
PercentOfSuitableClimateRemainingOutsideRange: 25
OutsideRange_10thPercentile: 16
OutsideRange_90thPercentile: 37
ClimateModelFactorAnnualMeanTemperature: 21
ClimateModelFactorTemperatureSeasonality: 1
ClimateModelFactorMaxTemperatureOfWarmestMonth: 17
ClimateModelFactorMinTemperatureOfColdestMonth: 7
ClimateModelFactorAnnualPrecipitation: 14
ClimateModelFactorPrecipitationSeasonality: 27
ClimateModelFactorPrecipitationOfWettestQuarter: 8
ClimateModelFactorPrecipitationOfDriestQuarter: 6
MeanMarineProductivityAroundBreedingColonies: NA
MaximumMarineProductivityAroundBreedingColonies: NA
ChangeInMarineProductivityAroundBreedingColonies: NA
ChangeInMaximumMarineProductivityAroundBreedingColonies: NA
BirdLifeAustraliaSpeciesNumber: 238
BirdLifeAustraliaTaxonID: u238

Names and sources

Accepted name Source
Falco (Hierofalco) subniger


Synonyms Source
Falco subniger G.R. Gray, 1843 G.R. Gray, 1843 G.R. Gray, 1843
Notofalco subniger minnie Mathews, 1915 Mathews, 1915 Mathews, 1915

Common Names

Common name Source
Black Falcon
Read Only Mode

Working classification

Falco (Hierofalco)
Falco (Hierofalco) subniger  Recorded in Australia

Occurrence records

View list of all occurrence records for this taxon

Charts showing breakdown of occurrence records

Hint: click on chart elements to view that subset of records

Record maps from other sources

Name references found in the Biodiversity Heritage Library

Name references found in the TROVE - NLA