Name source
Australian Faunal Directory
Data links

Life Science Identifier (LSID):

LSIDs are persistent, location-independent,resource identifiers for uniquely naming biologically significant resources including species names, concepts, occurrences, genes or proteins, or data objects that encode information about them. To put it simply, LSIDs are a way to identify and locate pieces of biological information on the web.

Data Links


For a JSON view of this data, click here


To use WMS services, copy and paste the following GetCapabilities URL into your OGC client (e.g. uDIG, ESRI ArcGIS) minor
For higher taxa, this will give you a hierarchical listing of layers for each taxon.


To download an RDF/XML document for the concepts and names click here
A JSON view of this information is here here
A html view of this information is here here

Further details

For more details on occurrence webservices, click here
For more details on names webservices, click here

Species presence
 Recorded In Australia
 Marine Habitats
 Terrestrial Habitats
Conservation status
IUCNLeast Concern
NSWEndangered Populations

Occurrence records map

occurrence map map legend

View records list Map & analyse records

  • representative image of taxa


The Fairy Penguin is the smallest species of penguin and the only one to breed in Australia. To keep them warm and dry, their feathers are oily due to oil glands in the penguins tail. Fairy penguins come ashore in groups to their burrows after dark when most predators are not around, returning to the sea before sunrise.... source: OZ Animals

Online resources

Australian Museum provider for OZCAM
Images, Occurrence record
Birds in Backyards
Distribution, Habitat, Diet, Reproduction, Distribution Map
Images, Occurrence record
Citizen Science
Images, Occurrence record
Encyclopedia of Life
Description, Video Page Url, Images, Occurrence record
Flickr EOL
Images, Occurrence record
Museum Victoria provider for OZCAM
Images, Occurrence record
Images, Occurrence record
OZ Animals
Description, Distribution, Morphology, Habitat, Diet, Reproduction, Images, Occurrence record
Images, Occurrence record

Species Lists

Birds of Western Australia
Common name: Little Penguin
Family: Spheniscidae
Notes: aka 'Fairy Penguin'
Queensland : Conservation Status
taxonId: 1113
Kingdom: animals
Class: birds
Family: Spheniscidae
scientificNameAuthorship: (Forster,1781)
status: Least concern wildlife
sourceStatus: Least concern wildlife
QLD_NCA_status: C
QLD_NCA_status_description: Least concern wildlife
Endemicity: VU
Endemicity_description: Vagrant - origin not defined
Museums Field Guide apps species profiles – vertebrates
Brief description: Blue-grey head and back, white underparts, white trailing edge on flippers.
Description : Upper body blue-grey to black-grey, underparts white. Flippers black with white edge. Bill dark brown. Feet pink to light grey. Body up to 40 cm long.
Biology : Little Penguins are the smallest of the world's penguins. They make nests in crevices between rocks or burrows in the sand dunes.
Habitat: Coastal waters.
Native status: Native to Australia
Diet: Carnivore
Colours: black white blue
Distribution: Southern mainland Australia and Tasmania.
Habitat types: Terrestrial,Marine
Depth: Shore (0-1m),Shallow (1-30m)
Water column: Above surface,Surface
Commercial species: False
Author credit: Museum Victoria Sciences Staff / Museum Victoria
Biological, ecological, conservation and legal information for all species and subspecies of Australian bird
genus: Eudyptula
specificEpithet: minor
infraspecificEpithet: NA
scientificName_CandB: Eudyptula minor
nameAccordingTo: NA
Family_vernacularName: Penguins
family: Spheniscidae
order: Sphenisciformes
taxonRank: species
Ultrataxon: 0
UltrataxaPerSpecies: 6
SpeciesPerGenus: 1
GeneraPerFamily: 6
FamiliesPerOrder: 1
SpeciesUniqueness: 55.0
UltrataxonUniqueness: NA
PatchClade: Spheniscidae
HackettFineClades: Penguins
HackettCoarseClades: Penguins
PopulationDescription: Australian
establishmentMeans: Australian
CoreTaxa: 1
Non-breedingPopulationsOfCoreTaxa: 0
Extinct: 0
Introduced: 0
Vagrant: 0
Supplementary: 0
EndemicEntirelyInAustralia: 0
EndemicBreedingOnly: 0
Non-breedingOnly: 0
PercentInAustraliaBreeding: 4
PercentInAustraliaNon-breeding: 4
GlobalIUCNStatus_2015: LC
GlobalIUCNCriteria_2015: NA
AustralianStatus_1990: LC
AustralianStatusCriteria_1990: NA
AustralianStatus_2000: LC
AustralianStatusCriteria_2000: NA
AustralianStatus_2010: LC
AustralianStatusCriteria_2010: NA
AustralianStatusJuly_2015: LC
AustralianStatusCriteriaJuly_2015: NA
EPBCStatusJuly_2015: not listed
EPBCYearListed: NA
BonnConvention: not listed
CAMBA: not listed
JAMBA: not listed
ROKAMBA: not listed
Migratory: not listed
EPBCMarine: 1
ACTStatus_2015: not listed
NSWStatus_2015: EN (population)
NTStatus_2015: not listed
QLDStatus_2015: LC
SAStatus_2015: not listed
TASStatus_2015: not listed
VICStatus_2015: not listed
WAStatus_2015: not listed
AustralianCapitalTerritory: not listed
NewSouthWales: Core
NorthernTerritory: not listed
Queensland: not listed
SouthAustralia: Core
Tasmania: Core
Victoria: Core
WesternAustralia: Core
NorfolkIsland: not listed
LordHoweIsland: not listed
HeardIsland: not listed
MacquarieIsland: not listed
ChristmasIsland: not listed
CocosKeelingIsland: not listed
AshmoreAndOtherIndianOceanIslands: not listed
CoralSea: not listed
AustralianFishingZone: 1
AlsoInPapuaNewGuinea: not listed
ConnectivityWithPapuaNewGuinea: NA
AlsoInIndonesia: not listed
ConnectivityWithIndonesia: NA
AlsoInTimor-Leste: not listed
ConnectivityWithTimor-Leste: NA
AlsoInNewZealand: present
ConnectivityWithNewZealand: none
AlsoInNewCaledonia: not listed
ConnectivityWithNewCaledonia: NA
AustralianContinentalIslandOnly: 0
AustralianOceanicIslandOnly: 0
BodyLength: 43
BodyLengthMin: 40
BodyLengthMax: 45
BodyMassAverage: 1010.0
BodyMassMin: 550.0
BodyMassMax: 2130.0
MaleBodyMassAverage: 1170.0
MaleBodyMassMin: 550.0
MaleBodyMassMax: 2130.0
FemaleBodyMassAverage: 853.0
FemaleBodyMassMin: 550.0
FemaleBodyMassMax: 2100.0
UnsexedBodyMassAverage: NAV
UnsexedBodyMassMin: NAV
UnsexedBodyMassMax: NAV
SourceOfBodyMassData: HANZAB
BrainVolume: 7.36
BrainMass: 7.62
BrainMassResidual: -0.01
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialAridShrubland: 0
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialChenopodShrubland: 0
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialHeath: 0
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialTriodiaHummockGrassland: 0
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialOtherGrassland: 0
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialMallee: 0
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialTropicalSavannaWoodland: 0
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialTemperateDrySclerophyllForestAndWoodland: 0
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialTemperateWetSclerophyllForestAndWoodland: 0
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialRainforest: 0
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialMangroveTrees: 0
FeedingHabitatInlandWatersRiversAndStreams: 0
FeedingHabitatInlandWatersDeepOpenWater: 0
FeedingHabitat_Inland_waters_Shallow_open_water: 0
FeedingHabitatInlandWatersReedsAndTallWetGrassland: 0
FeedingHabitatInlandWatersLowMarshlandAndWetGrassland: 0
FeedingHabitatCoastalSandy: 0
FeedingHabitatCoastalRocky: 0
FeedingHabitatCoastalSoftMud: 0
FeedingHabitatCoastalSaltmarsh: 0
FeedingHabitatCoastalMangroveFloor: 0
FeedingHabitatMarineVeryColdPelagic: 0
FeedingHabitatMarineColdPelagic: 0
138FeedingHabitatMarineTemperatePelagic: 0
FeedingHabitatMarineWarmPelagic: 0
FeedingHabitatMarineColdInshore: 0
FeedingHabitatMarineTemperateInshore: 1
FeedingHabitatMarineWarmInshore: 0
FeedingHabitatOtherNon-AustralianHabitat: 0
FeedingHabitatAgriculturalLandscapes: 0
FeedingHabitatUrbanLandscapes: 0
BreedingHabitatAridShrubland: 0
BreedingHabitatChenopodShrubland: 0
BreedingHabitatHeath: 0
BreedingHabitatTriodiaHummockGrassland: 0
BreedingHabitatOtherGrassland: 0
BreedingHabitatMallee: 0
BreedingHabitatTropicalSavannaWoodland: 0
BreedingHabitatTemperateDrySclerophyllForestAndWoodland: 0
BreedingHabitatTemperateWetSclerophyllForestAndWoodland: 0
BreedingHabitatRainforest: 0
BreedingHabitatMangrove: 0
BreedingHabitatInlandWetland: 0
BreedingHabitatBeachesAndSandCays: 1
BreedingHabitatRockyCoastsAndIslets: 1
BreedingHabitatOtherNon-AustralianHabitats: 0
BreedingHabitatAgriculturalLands: 0
BreedingHabitatUrban: 1
FoodFruit: 0
FoodNectarOrPollen: 0
FoodSeeds: 0
FoodFoliageOrherbs: 0
FoodCormsOrtub: 0
FoodTerrestrial_invertebrates: 0
FoodTerrestrialVertebrates: 0
FoodCarrion: 0
FoodIntertidalInvertebrates: 0
FoodFishOrInvertebratesMarine: 1
FoodfishOrInvertebratesInlandWaters: 0
FeedingAggregationSolitary: 0
FeedingAggregationPairs: 0
FeedingAggregationFlocks: 1
MeanFlightInitiationDistance: NAV
ClutchSizeAverage: 2.0
ClutchSizeMin: 1
ClutchSizeMax: 3
EggLength: 55.4
EggDiameter: 42.7
NestLocationGroundLevel: 1
NestLocationSupported: 0
NestLocationHanging: 0
NestLocationBurrow: 1
NestLocationHollow: 0
NestLocationFloating: 0
NestAggregationSolitary: 0
NestAggregationColonial: 1
NestAggregationParasitic: 0
BreedingSystemCooperative: 0
NationalMovementLocalDispersal: 1
NationalMovementPartialMigrant: 0
NationalMovementTotalMigrant: 0
NationalMovementNomadicOropportunistic: 0
NationalMovementIrruptive: 0
NatureOfInternationalMovements: possible local dispersal
MixingBeyondAustralia: 0
LevelOfInternationalGeneticExchange: nil
LevelOfInternationalGeneticExchangeReliability: medium
MaximumTimeElapsedToRecapture: 8914
MaximumDistanceOfRecapture: 2707
NumberOfBandedBirdsRecovered: 95169
ClimateSpecialisation: NA
SpecialisationIndex: 1.29
SensitivityIndex: 1.22
AreaOfSuitableClimateInsideRange: NA
AreaOfSuitableClimateOutsideRange: NA
PercentOfSuitableClimateCurrentlyInsideRange: NA
PercentOfSuitableClimateRemainingInsideRange: NA
InsideRange_10thPercentile: NA
InsideRange_90thPercentile: NA
PercentOfSuitableClimateRemainingOutsideRange: NA
OutsideRange_10thPercentile: NA
OutsideRange_90thPercentile: NA
ClimateModelFactorAnnualMeanTemperature: NA
ClimateModelFactorTemperatureSeasonality: NA
ClimateModelFactorMaxTemperatureOfWarmestMonth: NA
ClimateModelFactorMinTemperatureOfColdestMonth: NA
ClimateModelFactorAnnualPrecipitation: NA
ClimateModelFactorPrecipitationSeasonality: NA
ClimateModelFactorPrecipitationOfWettestQuarter: NA
ClimateModelFactorPrecipitationOfDriestQuarter: NA
MeanMarineProductivityAroundBreedingColonies: 362
MaximumMarineProductivityAroundBreedingColonies: 375
ChangeInMarineProductivityAroundBreedingColonies: 0.6
ChangeInMaximumMarineProductivityAroundBreedingColonies: 5.1
BirdLifeAustraliaSpeciesNumber: 5
BirdLifeAustraliaTaxonID: 5
New South Wales : Conservation Status
vernacular: Little Penguin
status: Endangered
sourceStatus: Endangered Populations

Names and sources

Accepted name Source
Eudyptula minor


Synonyms Source
Aptenodytes minor J.R. Forster, 1781 J.R. Forster, 1781 J.R. Forster, 1781

Common Names

Common name Source
Little Penguin
Read Only Mode
Fairy Penguin
Read Only Mode
Blue Penguin
Read Only Mode
Little Penguin, Little Blue Penguin
Read Only Mode
Little Penguin In The Manly Point Area (being The Area On And Near The Shoreline From Cannae Point Generally Northward To The Point Near The Intersection Of Stuart Street And Oyama Cove Avenue, And Extending 100 Metres Offshore From That Shoreline)
Read Only Mode

Working classification

Eudyptula minor  Recorded in Australia
Eudyptula minor undina  Recorded in Australia

Occurrence records

View list of all occurrence records for this taxon

Charts showing breakdown of occurrence records

Hint: click on chart elements to view that subset of records

Record maps from other sources

Name references found in the Biodiversity Heritage Library

Name references found in the TROVE - NLA