Name source
Australian Faunal Directory
Data links

Life Science Identifier (LSID):

LSIDs are persistent, location-independent,resource identifiers for uniquely naming biologically significant resources including species names, concepts, occurrences, genes or proteins, or data objects that encode information about them. To put it simply, LSIDs are a way to identify and locate pieces of biological information on the web.

Data Links


For a JSON view of this data, click here


To use WMS services, copy and paste the following GetCapabilities URL into your OGC client (e.g. uDIG, ESRI ArcGIS) (Chloebia) gouldiae
For higher taxa, this will give you a hierarchical listing of layers for each taxon.


To download an RDF/XML document for the concepts and names click here
A JSON view of this information is here here
A html view of this information is here here

Further details

For more details on occurrence webservices, click here
For more details on names webservices, click here

Species presence
 Recorded In Australia
 Terrestrial Habitats
Conservation status

Occurrence records map

occurrence map map legend

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  • representative image of taxa
    Source: Wikipedia
    Image by: Nrg800
    Rights: Copyright by Nrg800


Both sexes are brightly colored with black, green, yellow, and red markings. The females tend to be less brightly colored. One major difference between the sexes is that the male's chest is purple , while the female's is a lighter mauve . Gouldian Finches are about 130���140 mm long. Gouldian Finches' heads may be red, black, or yellow. ... source: Wikipedia

The gouldian finch is an easily recognised small bird: mature adults have a purple chest, yellow breast and green back, with an intensely vivid pale blue upper collar.Females are duller than males, and juveniles are completely dull green.Three colour morphs exist in the wild: black face, red face and yellow face.... source: Northern Territory Threatened Species List

The Gouldian Finch is a beautiful finch with a bright green back, yellow belly and a purple breast. Most birds have a black face, but about 25% have red faces, and yellow-faced forms are rare. The males are brighter colours than the females. Juveniles are grey on the head and neck, and olive on the back and tail. ... source: OZ Animals

Online resources

Australian Museum provider for OZCAM
Images, Occurrence record
Birds in Backyards
Distribution, Habitat, Diet, Reproduction, Distribution Map
Images, Occurrence record
Flickr EOL
Images, Occurrence record
Museum Victoria provider for OZCAM
Images, Occurrence record
Northern Territory Threatened Species List
Description, Distribution, Threats
OZ Animals
Description, Distribution, Morphology, Habitat, Diet, Reproduction, Images, Occurrence record
Description, Distribution, Reference, Images, Occurrence record

Species Lists

Birds of Western Australia
Common name: Gouldian Finch
Family: Passeridae
Notes: aka 'Lady Gouldian Finch' or 'Gould's Finch'
Birds Australia Sensitive Species List
Queensland : Conservation Status
taxonId: 1376
Kingdom: animals
Class: birds
Family: Estrildidae
scientificNameAuthorship: (Gould,1844)
status: Endangered wildlife
sourceStatus: Endangered wildlife
QLD_NCA_status: E
QLD_NCA_status_description: Endangered wildlife
EPBC_status: E
EPBC_status description: Endangered
Significant: Y
Endemicity: QA
Endemicity_description: Australian endemic
Migratory species - EPBC
JAMBA: Endangered
Museums Field Guide apps species profiles – vertebrates
Brief description: Beautiful multi-coloured finch with green wings, purple chest and yellow belly. Red or black, occasionally orange head.
Description : Rear of head, back and wings green. Chest purple, belly yellow, vent white, rump blue, tail black. Face and throat black, red or rarely orange. The purple of the chest is duller in females. Juveniles are mostly drab brown with greenish wings and yellowish to whitish on chest and belly.
Biology : Can be seen alone, in pairs or in small flocks, and sometimes in large numbers when not breeding. Resident. Eats seeds, and sometimes invertebrates. At night roosts in trees. May live for more than 4 years. Breeds mostly Feb-Aug and may produce up to 3 clutches in a season. Pairs bond for the season, but probably not beyond. Nests in a loose colony, using tree hollows, mostly in specific Eucalyptus species. The nest is cup-shaped, made of grass. Females lay 3-8 (usually 5) white eggs. Both sexes incubate the eggs and feed the young, although only the female incubates at night. Incubation lasts about 2 weeks. Young leave the nest when around 3 weeks old.
Habitat: Open woodlands and grasslands, not far from water.
Native status: Native to Australia
Maximum size (cm): 13
Diet: Omnivore
Dangerous: Harmless.
Colours: Green, purple, yellow, red, white, blue, black, orange
Distribution: Northern Australia.
Habitat types: Terrestrial
Commercial species: False
Author credit: Lindley McKay
Northern Territory Threatened Species
Genus: Erythrura
specificEpithet: gouldiae
taxonID: 917
conservation status code: VU
conservation status: Vulnerable
Western Australia ; Conservation status
vernacular: Gouldian Finch
status: Endangered
sourceStatus: Endangered
Biological, ecological, conservation and legal information for all species and subspecies of Australian bird
genus: Chloebia
specificEpithet: gouldiae
infraspecificEpithet: NA
scientificName_CandB: Erythrura gouldiae
nameAccordingTo: NA
Family_vernacularName: Weaver Finches
family: Estrildidae
order: Passeriformes
taxonRank: species
Ultrataxon: 1
UltrataxaPerSpecies: 1
SpeciesPerGenus: 1
GeneraPerFamily: 34
FamiliesPerOrder: 136
SpeciesUniqueness: 6.0
UltrataxonUniqueness: 12.1
PatchClade: P7
HackettFineClades: Waxbills, Allies
HackettCoarseClades: Weavers, Waxbills, Allies
PopulationDescription: Endemic (entirely Australian)
establishmentMeans: Endemic (entirely Australian)
CoreTaxa: 1
Non-breedingPopulationsOfCoreTaxa: 0
Extinct: 0
Introduced: 0
Vagrant: 0
Supplementary: 0
EndemicEntirelyInAustralia: 1
EndemicBreedingOnly: 0
Non-breedingOnly: 0
PercentInAustraliaBreeding: 7
PercentInAustraliaNon-breeding: 7
GlobalIUCNStatus_2015: NT
GlobalIUCNCriteria_2015: D1
AustralianStatus_1990: EN
AustralianStatusCriteria_1990: C2a(ii)
AustralianStatus_2000: EN
AustralianStatusCriteria_2000: C2a(ii)
AustralianStatus_2010: NT
AustralianStatusCriteria_2010: D1
AustralianStatusJuly_2015: NT
AustralianStatusCriteriaJuly_2015: D1
EPBCStatusJuly_2015: EN
EPBCYearListed: 2000
BonnConvention: not listed
CAMBA: not listed
JAMBA: not listed
ROKAMBA: not listed
Migratory: not listed
EPBCMarine: not listed
ACTStatus_2015: not listed
NSWStatus_2015: not listed
NTStatus_2015: VU
QLDStatus_2015: EN
SAStatus_2015: not listed
TASStatus_2015: not listed
VICStatus_2015: not listed
WAStatus_2015: priority
AustralianCapitalTerritory: not listed
NewSouthWales: not listed
NorthernTerritory: Core
Queensland: Core
SouthAustralia: not listed
Tasmania: not listed
Victoria: not listed
WesternAustralia: Core
NorfolkIsland: not listed
LordHoweIsland: not listed
HeardIsland: not listed
MacquarieIsland: not listed
ChristmasIsland: not listed
CocosKeelingIsland: not listed
AshmoreAndOtherIndianOceanIslands: not listed
CoralSea: not listed
AustralianFishingZone: 0
AlsoInPapuaNewGuinea: not listed
ConnectivityWithPapuaNewGuinea: NA
AlsoInIndonesia: not listed
ConnectivityWithIndonesia: NA
AlsoInTimor-Leste: not listed
ConnectivityWithTimor-Leste: NA
AlsoInNewZealand: not listed
ConnectivityWithNewZealand: NA
AlsoInNewCaledonia: not listed
ConnectivityWithNewCaledonia: NA
AustralianContinentalIslandOnly: 0
AustralianOceanicIslandOnly: 0
BodyLength: 13
BodyLengthMin: 12
BodyLengthMax: 13
BodyMassAverage: 14.4
BodyMassMin: 7.5
BodyMassMax: 20.0
MaleBodyMassAverage: 14.2
MaleBodyMassMin: 8.5
MaleBodyMassMax: 20.0
FemaleBodyMassAverage: 14.5
FemaleBodyMassMin: 7.5
FemaleBodyMassMax: 19.1
UnsexedBodyMassAverage: NAV
UnsexedBodyMassMin: NAV
UnsexedBodyMassMax: NAV
SourceOfBodyMassData: S Legge (pers.comm. n=562 males, 484 females)
BrainVolume: 0.53
BrainMass: 0.55
BrainMassResidual: -0.05
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialAridShrubland: 0
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialChenopodShrubland: 0
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialHeath: 0
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialTriodiaHummockGrassland: 1
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialOtherGrassland: 1
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialMallee: 0
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialTropicalSavannaWoodland: 1
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialTemperateDrySclerophyllForestAndWoodland: 0
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialTemperateWetSclerophyllForestAndWoodland: 0
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialRainforest: 0
FeedingHabitatTerrestrialMangroveTrees: 0
FeedingHabitatInlandWatersRiversAndStreams: 0
FeedingHabitatInlandWatersDeepOpenWater: 0
FeedingHabitat_Inland_waters_Shallow_open_water: 0
FeedingHabitatInlandWatersReedsAndTallWetGrassland: 0
FeedingHabitatInlandWatersLowMarshlandAndWetGrassland: 0
FeedingHabitatCoastalSandy: 0
FeedingHabitatCoastalRocky: 0
FeedingHabitatCoastalSoftMud: 0
FeedingHabitatCoastalSaltmarsh: 0
FeedingHabitatCoastalMangroveFloor: 0
FeedingHabitatMarineVeryColdPelagic: 0
FeedingHabitatMarineColdPelagic: 0
138FeedingHabitatMarineTemperatePelagic: 0
FeedingHabitatMarineWarmPelagic: 0
FeedingHabitatMarineColdInshore: 0
FeedingHabitatMarineTemperateInshore: 0
FeedingHabitatMarineWarmInshore: 0
FeedingHabitatOtherNon-AustralianHabitat: 0
FeedingHabitatAgriculturalLandscapes: 0
FeedingHabitatUrbanLandscapes: 1
BreedingHabitatAridShrubland: 0
BreedingHabitatChenopodShrubland: 0
BreedingHabitatHeath: 0
BreedingHabitatTriodiaHummockGrassland: 0
BreedingHabitatOtherGrassland: 0
BreedingHabitatMallee: 0
BreedingHabitatTropicalSavannaWoodland: 1
BreedingHabitatTemperateDrySclerophyllForestAndWoodland: 0
BreedingHabitatTemperateWetSclerophyllForestAndWoodland: 0
BreedingHabitatRainforest: 0
BreedingHabitatMangrove: 0
BreedingHabitatInlandWetland: 0
BreedingHabitatBeachesAndSandCays: 0
BreedingHabitatRockyCoastsAndIslets: 0
BreedingHabitatOtherNon-AustralianHabitats: 0
BreedingHabitatAgriculturalLands: 0
BreedingHabitatUrban: 0
FoodFruit: 0
FoodNectarOrPollen: 0
FoodSeeds: 1
FoodFoliageOrherbs: 0
FoodCormsOrtub: 0
FoodTerrestrial_invertebrates: 0
FoodTerrestrialVertebrates: 0
FoodCarrion: 0
FoodIntertidalInvertebrates: 0
FoodFishOrInvertebratesMarine: 0
FoodfishOrInvertebratesInlandWaters: 0
FeedingAggregationSolitary: 1
FeedingAggregationPairs: 1
FeedingAggregationFlocks: 1
MeanFlightInitiationDistance: NAV
ClutchSizeAverage: 5.2
ClutchSizeMin: 3
ClutchSizeMax: 8
EggLength: 17.1
EggDiameter: 12.2
NestLocationGroundLevel: 0
NestLocationSupported: 0
NestLocationHanging: 0
NestLocationBurrow: 0
NestLocationHollow: 1
NestLocationFloating: 0
NestAggregationSolitary: 1
NestAggregationColonial: 1
NestAggregationParasitic: 0
BreedingSystemCooperative: 0
NationalMovementLocalDispersal: 1
NationalMovementPartialMigrant: 1
NationalMovementTotalMigrant: 0
NationalMovementNomadicOropportunistic: 0
NationalMovementIrruptive: 0
NatureOfInternationalMovements: none
MixingBeyondAustralia: 0
LevelOfInternationalGeneticExchange: nil
LevelOfInternationalGeneticExchangeReliability: certain
MaximumTimeElapsedToRecapture: 1848
MaximumDistanceOfRecapture: 10
NumberOfBandedBirdsRecovered: 519
ClimateSpecialisation: 1.83
SpecialisationIndex: 1.23
SensitivityIndex: 1.19
AreaOfSuitableClimateInsideRange: 634
AreaOfSuitableClimateOutsideRange: 157
PercentOfSuitableClimateCurrentlyInsideRange: 80
PercentOfSuitableClimateRemainingInsideRange: 121
InsideRange_10thPercentile: 87
InsideRange_90thPercentile: 129
PercentOfSuitableClimateRemainingOutsideRange: 63
OutsideRange_10thPercentile: 12
OutsideRange_90thPercentile: 143
ClimateModelFactorAnnualMeanTemperature: 2
ClimateModelFactorTemperatureSeasonality: 2
ClimateModelFactorMaxTemperatureOfWarmestMonth: 3
ClimateModelFactorMinTemperatureOfColdestMonth: 1
ClimateModelFactorAnnualPrecipitation: 0
ClimateModelFactorPrecipitationSeasonality: 13
ClimateModelFactorPrecipitationOfWettestQuarter: 37
ClimateModelFactorPrecipitationOfDriestQuarter: 40
MeanMarineProductivityAroundBreedingColonies: NA
MaximumMarineProductivityAroundBreedingColonies: NA
ChangeInMarineProductivityAroundBreedingColonies: NA
ChangeInMaximumMarineProductivityAroundBreedingColonies: NA
BirdLifeAustraliaSpeciesNumber: 670
BirdLifeAustraliaTaxonID: u670
Western Australia : Conservation Status / Sensitive Species Lists
Rank: P4
category: P4
Northern Territory : Conservation Status
sourceStatus: Endangered
status: Endangered
Australia wide : Conservation Status : EPBC
status: Endangered
sourceStatus: Endangered
vernacular: Gouldian Finch

Names and sources

Accepted name Source
Erythrura (Chloebia) gouldiae


Synonyms Source
Amadina gouldiae Gould, 1844 Gould, 1844 Gould, 1844
Published in: Gould, J. 1844. The Birds of Australia London : J. Gould Vol. 4
Poephila mirabilis Des Murs, 1845 Des Murs, 1845 Des Murs, 1845
Published in: Des Murs, M.A.F.O. 1845. Notice sur l'espèce de Passereau nommée Poephila mirabilis dans l'Atlas du Voyage au Pole Sud et dans l'océanie, pl. 22, Oiseaux. 8th Year. Rev. Zool. Paris Vol. 1845 pp. 447-448
Poephila armitiana E.P. Ramsay, 1877 E.P. Ramsay, 1877 E.P. Ramsay, 1877
Published in: Ramsay, E.P. 1877. Some further remarks on Poephila Gouldiae and Poephila mirabilis (Homb. et Jacq.). Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W. Vol. 2 (1) pp. 70-72
Poephila gouldiae kempi Mathews, 1915 Mathews, 1915 Mathews, 1915
Published in: Mathews, G.M. 1915. Additions and corrections to my List of the Birds of Australia. Austral Avian Rec. Vol. 2 pp. 123-133
Poephila gouldiae westra Mathews, 1923 Mathews, 1923 Mathews, 1923
Published in: Mathews, G.M. 1923. Additions and Corrections to my Lists of the Birds of Australia. Austral Avian Rec. Vol. 5 pp. 33-44

Common Names

Common name Source
Gouldian Finch
Read Only Mode
Gould's Finch
Read Only Mode

Working classification

Erythrura (Chloebia)
Erythrura (Chloebia) gouldiae  Recorded in Australia

Occurrence records

View list of all occurrence records for this taxon

Charts showing breakdown of occurrence records

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Record maps from other sources

Name references found in the Biodiversity Heritage Library

Name references found in the TROVE - NLA