Name source
Australian Faunal Directory
Data links

Life Science Identifier (LSID):

LSIDs are persistent, location-independent,resource identifiers for uniquely naming biologically significant resources including species names, concepts, occurrences, genes or proteins, or data objects that encode information about them. To put it simply, LSIDs are a way to identify and locate pieces of biological information on the web.

Data Links


For a JSON view of this data, click here


To use WMS services, copy and paste the following GetCapabilities URL into your OGC client (e.g. uDIG, ESRI ArcGIS) punctulatus
For higher taxa, this will give you a hierarchical listing of layers for each taxon.


To download an RDF/XML document for the concepts and names click here
A JSON view of this information is here here
A html view of this information is here here

Further details

For more details on occurrence webservices, click here
For more details on names webservices, click here

Species presence
 Recorded In Australia
 Marine Habitats

Occurrence records map

occurrence map map legend

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  • representative image of taxa
    Source: Australian National Fish Collection Images
    Image by: K. Graham, NSW Fisheries
    Rights: K. Graham, NSW Fisheries

Online resources

Australian National Fish Collection Images
Authoritative image, Images, Occurrence record
Encyclopedia of Life
Description, Video Page Url, Images, Occurrence record
Queensland Museum provider for OZCAM
Images, Occurrence record
Reef Life Survey Images
Images, Occurrence record
Seafood Services Australia
CAAB Code, Author

Species Lists

RLS profile v3
Abundance: 1.265
Behaviour: The species is common in NSW and occurs both in estuaries and along the open coast
Commercial_Uses: None, other than trivial captures for aquarium trade
Common_Name: Three-bar porcupinefish;Threebar porcupine fish
Depth: 0–50 m
Distribution: Southern NSW to southern Qld and Flinders I, Tas.
Frequency: 4.015
Habitat: Reef, sand
IUCN_Threat_status: Not assessed
Invasive: Not known to be invasive
Max_size: 430 mm
Range: 186.965
Synonyms: Dicotylichthys myersi [in Ogilby, 1910: 18; Moreton Bay]
Threats: No major threats to this species are known
similar_species: The three-barred porcupine fish differs from other local diodontids, including a few tropical species that occasionally drift south, by the regular pattern of small black spots over the body
Museums Field Guide apps species profiles – vertebrates
Brief description: Rounded body, covered with spines and a regular pattern of small black spots, and a very broad head.
Description : Rounded body that is covered with spines. The spines on the back are blade-like and fixed in position, but those on the belly and head can be raised. It has a very broad head, with eyes positioned laterally. The teeth are fused to form a single plate in both jaws. It is green to blue-grey above and white below and covered in small black spots. There is a dark bar under the eye, another on the operculum, and a third on the body behind the pectoral fin. Body size up to 43 cm.
Biology : Is a solitary and nocturnal fish. It feeds on hard-shelled invertebrates. It is common in NSW and occurs both in estuaries and along the open coast.
Habitat: Coastal and offshore reefs, often in rocky areas.
Maximum size (cm): 43
Diet: Carnivore
Dangerous: The flesh is reported to be poisonous, but the spines are not toxic.
Colours: Green, Blue, Grey, White
Distribution: Eastern Australia
Habitat types: Marine
Depth: Shallow (1-30m)
Water column: On or near seafloor
Commercial species: False
Author credit: Mark McGrouther / Australian Museum

Names and sources

Accepted name Source
Dicotylichthys punctulatus


Synonyms Source
Atopomycterus diversispinis Bleeker, 1865 Bleeker, 1865
Published in: Bleeker, P. 1865. Atlas Ichthyologique des Indes Orientales Néerlandaises, publié sous les auspices du Gouvernement colonial néerlandais. Tome 5. Baudroies, Ostracions, Gymnodontes, Balistes Amsterdam : Fréd. Müller pp. 152 pp. pls 194-231
Dicotylichthys myersi Ogilby, 1910 Ogilby, 1910
Published in: Ogilby, J.D. 1910. On new or insufficiently described fishes. Proc. R. Soc. Qld Vol. 23 (1) pp. 1-55

Common Names

Common name Source
Threebar Porcupinefish
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Myer's Porcupine-fish
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Spotted Porcupine Fish
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Three-bar Porcupine-fish
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Three-barred Porcupinefish
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Threebarred Porcupinefish
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Three Bar Porcupinefish
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Working classification

Dicotylichthys punctulatus  Recorded in Australia

Occurrence records

View list of all occurrence records for this taxon

Charts showing breakdown of occurrence records

Hint: click on chart elements to view that subset of records

Name references found in the Biodiversity Heritage Library

Name references found in the TROVE - NLA


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