Name source
Australian Faunal Directory
Rank
species
Data links
LSID JSON / WMS /RDF

Life Science Identifier (LSID):

urn:lsid:biodiversity.org.au:afd.taxon:16171fac-8d6c-4327-9fab-f2db864d71bf

LSIDs are persistent, location-independent,resource identifiers for uniquely naming biologically significant resources including species names, concepts, occurrences, genes or proteins, or data objects that encode information about them. To put it simply, LSIDs are a way to identify and locate pieces of biological information on the web.

Data Links

JSON

For a JSON view of this data, click here

WMS

To use WMS services, copy and paste the following GetCapabilities URL into your OGC client (e.g. uDIG, ESRI ArcGIS)
http://biocache.ala.org.au/ws/ogc/ows?q=species:Cyprinus carpio
For higher taxa, this will give you a hierarchical listing of layers for each taxon.

RDF

To download an RDF/XML document for the concepts and names click here
A JSON view of this information is here here
A html view of this information is here here

Further details

For more details on occurrence webservices, click here
For more details on names webservices, click here

Species presence
 Recorded In Australia
Conservation status
IUCNVulnerable

Occurrence records map

occurrence map map legend

View records list Map & analyse records

  • representative image of taxa

Description

The biology and ecology of carp are two of the major reasons why they are such an important and successful vertebrate pest in Australia. Carp have broad environmental tolerances and thrive in habitats disturbed and modified by humans such as where flows are altered, nutrients are enriched and streamside vegetation is cleared. ... source: feral.org.au

The European Carp can be recognised by its small eyes, thick lips with two barbels at each corner of the mouth, large scales and strongly serrated spines in the dorsal and anal fins. The colour is variable, but often olive green to silvery grey dorsally, fading to silvery yellow on the belly. Small European Carp could be confused with Goldfish, Carassius auratus. ... source: Australian Museum Factsheets

The Carp is a native of Asia, but has been introduced widely to other countries including Australia. The Carp has small eyes, thick lips with two barbels (like little whiskers) at each corner of the mouth. The scales are large. Colour ranges from olive green to silvery grey above, with silvery yellow on the underside.... source: OZ Animals

Online resources

ANGFA
Images
Australian Museum Factsheets
Description, Distribution, Morphology, Images, Occurrence record
CCARP Database of Watering Requirements - Images
Images, Occurrence record
Citizen Science
Images, Occurrence record
Desert Fishes Council
Distribution, Morphology
Encyclopedia of Life
Description, Images, Occurrence record
Global Invasive Species Database
Habitat, Images, Synonym, Occurrence record
OZ Animals
Description, Distribution, Morphology, Habitat, Diet, Reproduction, Images, Occurrence record
Wikipedia
Reference, Images, Occurrence record
feral.org.au
Description, Distribution, Distribution Map

Species Lists

Introduced fish species
Freshwater species
Database of watering requirements of biota from floodplain wetlands of the Murray-Darling Basin
Breeding Habitat: Not applicable
Diet: Benthic feeders, consuming a range of prey including zooplankton, molluscs, crustaceans, freshwater insect larvae, aquatic plants and detritus.
Dispersal: Unknown
Foraging Habitat: Not applicable
Functional Group: Alien species
Habitat: Lowland rivers in warm, slow-moving or still waters with aquatic vegetation.
Life Stage Duration: Unknown
Longevity: 15
Migration: Yes; some adults migrate in excess of 200 km, other have small home ranges of approximately 20 m.
Mode of Floodplain Use: Opportunistic
References: Allen GR, et al. (2003) Field Guide to Freshwater Fishes of Australia. CSIRO publishing: Collingwood, Victoria. Brown P (1996) 'Carp in Australia: Fish Fact Sheets 4.' NSW Fisheries, Narrandera Fisheries Centre. Crook DA and Gillanders BM (2006) River Research and Applications 22, 871-879. Fletcher AR, et al. (1985) Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 36, 311-327. Gehrke PC and Harris JH (2000) Marine and Freshwater Research 51, 165-182. Jones MJ and Stuart IG (2009) Ecology of Freshwater Fish 18, 72-82. Khan TA (2003) Aquatic Sciences 65, 272-286. King AJ, et al. (2003) Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 60, 773-786. King AJ, et al. (1997) Marine and Freshwater Research 48, 435-443. Lintermans M (2007) Fishes of the Murray-Darling Basin: An introductory guide. MDBC Publication No. 10/07. Murray-Darling Basin Authority: Canberra. MDBC (2000) 'National Management Strategy for Carp Control 2000-2005.' Murray-Darling Basin Commission: Canberra. Rayner TS, et al. (2009) Ecohydrology 2, 440-453. Roberts J and Tilzey R (1996) 'Controlling Carp: Exploring the Options for Australia.' CSIRO Land and Water: Griffith. Robertson AI, et al. (1997) Marine and Freshwater Research 48, 445-454. Stuart I and Jones M (2002) 'Ecology and management of common carp in the Barmah-Millewa forest.' Freshwater Ecology, Arthur Rylah Institute for Environmental Research: Heidelberg, Victoria. Stuart IG and Jones M (2006) Marine and Freshwater Research 57, 333-347.
Refugia Habitat: Unknown
Reproduction Flood Reliance: Yes
Reproduction Flood Reliance Explanation: Flooding likely to be used for spawning and recruitment
Reproduction Timing: October - December
Reproduction Timing Pattern: October,November,December
Roosting Habitat: Not known
Trophic Status: Omnivore
lifeStage: Adult
Database of watering requirements of biota from floodplain wetlands of the Murray-Darling Basin
Breeding Habitat: Not applicable
Diet: Benthic feeders, consuming a range of prey including zooplankton, molluscs, crustaceans, freshwater insect larvae, aquatic plants and detritus.
Dispersal: Unknown
Foraging Habitat: Not applicable
Functional Group: Alien species
Habitat: Lowland rivers in warm, slow-moving or still waters with aquatic vegetation.
Life Stage Duration: Approximately 2-4 years
Migration: Unknown
Mode of Floodplain Use: Opportunistic
References: Allen GR, et al. (2003) Field Guide to Freshwater Fishes of Australia. CSIRO publishing: Collingwood, Victoria. Brown P (1996) 'Carp in Australia: Fish Fact Sheets 4.' NSW Fisheries, Narrandera Fisheries Centre. Crook DA and Gillanders BM (2006) River Research and Applications 22, 871-879. Fletcher AR, et al. (1985) Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 36, 311-327. Gehrke PC and Harris JH (2000) Marine and Freshwater Research 51, 165-182. Jones MJ and Stuart IG (2009) Ecology of Freshwater Fish 18, 72-82. Khan TA (2003) Aquatic Sciences 65, 272-286. King AJ, et al. (2003) Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 60, 773-786. King AJ, et al. (1997) Marine and Freshwater Research 48, 435-443. Lintermans M (2007) Fishes of the Murray-Darling Basin: An introductory guide. MDBC Publication No. 10/07. Murray-Darling Basin Authority: Canberra. MDBC (2000) 'National Management Strategy for Carp Control 2000-2005.' Murray-Darling Basin Commission: Canberra. Rayner TS, et al. (2009) Ecohydrology 2, 440-453. Roberts J and Tilzey R (1996) 'Controlling Carp: Exploring the Options for Australia.' CSIRO Land and Water: Griffith. Robertson AI, et al. (1997) Marine and Freshwater Research 48, 445-454. Stuart I and Jones M (2002) 'Ecology and management of common carp in the Barmah-Millewa forest.' Freshwater Ecology, Arthur Rylah Institute for Environmental Research: Heidelberg, Victoria. Stuart IG and Jones M (2006) Marine and Freshwater Research 57, 333-347.
Refugia Habitat: Unknown
Reproduction Flood Reliance: Not applicable
Reproduction Flood Reliance Explanation: Not applicable
Reproduction Timing: Not applicable
Roosting Habitat: Not known
Trophic Status: Omnivore
lifeStage: Larvae and juveniles
Database of watering requirements of biota from floodplain wetlands of the Murray-Darling Basin
Breeding Habitat: Not applicable
Diet: Unknown
Dispersal: Unknown
Foraging Habitat: Not applicable
Functional Group: Alien species
Habitat: Lowland rivers in warm, slow-moving or still waters with aquatic vegetation.
Life Stage Duration: Spring-summer
Migration: Unknown
Mode of Floodplain Use: Unknown
References: Allen GR, et al. (2003) Field Guide to Freshwater Fishes of Australia. CSIRO publishing: Collingwood, Victoria. Brown P (1996) 'Carp in Australia: Fish Fact Sheets 4.' NSW Fisheries, Narrandera Fisheries Centre. Crook DA and Gillanders BM (2006) River Research and Applications 22, 871-879. Fletcher AR, et al. (1985) Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 36, 311-327. Gehrke PC and Harris JH (2000) Marine and Freshwater Research 51, 165-182. Jones MJ and Stuart IG (2009) Ecology of Freshwater Fish 18, 72-82. Khan TA (2003) Aquatic Sciences 65, 272-286. King AJ, et al. (2003) Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 60, 773-786. King AJ, et al. (1997) Marine and Freshwater Research 48, 435-443. Lintermans M (2007) Fishes of the Murray-Darling Basin: An introductory guide. MDBC Publication No. 10/07. Murray-Darling Basin Authority: Canberra. MDBC (2000) 'National Management Strategy for Carp Control 2000-2005.' Murray-Darling Basin Commission: Canberra. Rayner TS, et al. (2009) Ecohydrology 2, 440-453. Roberts J and Tilzey R (1996) 'Controlling Carp: Exploring the Options for Australia.' CSIRO Land and Water: Griffith. Robertson AI, et al. (1997) Marine and Freshwater Research 48, 445-454. Stuart I and Jones M (2002) 'Ecology and management of common carp in the Barmah-Millewa forest.' Freshwater Ecology, Arthur Rylah Institute for Environmental Research: Heidelberg, Victoria. Stuart IG and Jones M (2006) Marine and Freshwater Research 57, 333-347.
Refugia Habitat: Unknown
Reproduction Flood Reliance: Not applicable
Reproduction Flood Reliance Explanation: Flooding likely to be used for spawning and recruitment
Reproduction Timing: October - December
Reproduction Timing Pattern: October,November,December
Roosting Habitat: Not known
Trophic Status: Unknown
lifeStage: Spawning
Australian Pest Animal Strategy Vertebrate Pest Series 1 (APAS)
stateProvince: Victoria
category: Declared Noxious Aquatic Species
authority: Fisheries Act (Vic) 1995
references: http://www.dpi.vic.gov.au/fisheries/pests-weeds-diseases/noxious-aquatic-species
categoryRemarks: Illegal to possess, keep, hatch, transport,release or trade unless authorised by permit
Australian Pest Animal Strategy Vertebrate Pest Series 1 (APAS)
stateProvince: South Australia
category: Noxious fish
authority: Fisheries Management Act (SA) 2007
references: http://www.pir.sa.gov.au/biosecuritysa/aquatic/current_and_potential_pests/aquarium_and_ornamental_fish/prohibited_noxious_fish_list
categoryRemarks: Restrictions on keeping and trade
Australian Pest Animal Strategy Vertebrate Pest Series 1 (APAS)
stateProvince: Australian Government
category: Not listed
Australian Pest Animal Strategy Vertebrate Pest Series 1 (APAS)
stateProvince: Tasmania
category: Controlled fish; Noxious fish
authority: Inland Fisheries Act (Tas) 1995; Fisheries (General and Fees) Regulations 1996
Australian Pest Animal Strategy Vertebrate Pest Series 1 (APAS)
stateProvince: New South Wales
category: Noxious fish
authority: Fisheries Management Act (NSW) 1994
references: http://www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/fisheries/pests-diseases/noxious-fish-and-marine-vegetation
categoryRemarks: Class 3 (possession permitted)
Australian Pest Animal Strategy Vertebrate Pest Series 1 (APAS)
stateProvince: ACT
category: Declared as pest animals, but neither notifiable or prohibited
authority: Pest Plants and Animals Act (ACT) 2005
references: http://www.legislation.act.gov.au/di/2005-255/default.asp
Australian Pest Animal Strategy Vertebrate Pest Series 1 (APAS)
stateProvince: Northern Territory
category: Noxious fish
authority: Northern Territory Fisheries Act 1988
references: http://www.nt.gov.au/d/Fisheries/index.cfm?Header=Northern%20Territory%20%20Noxious%20Fish%20Species#
categoryRemarks: Restrictions on importation and possession
Australian Pest Animal Strategy Vertebrate Pest Series 1 (APAS)
stateProvince: Western Australia
category: Not declared
Australian Pest Animal Strategy Vertebrate Pest Series 1 (APAS)
stateProvince: Queensland
category: Declared Noxious Fish
authority: Fisheries Act (Qld) 1994
references: http://www.daff.qld.gov.au/28_144.htm
categoryRemarks: Illegal to possess, release or trade
Pest animals list
South Australian Fish from the AFD
Global Invasive Species Information Network (GISIN)
ID: 171729
Provider: Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Program
Kingdom: 5
Language: English
ResourceType: 3
URL: http://nas2.er.usgs.gov/viewer/omap.aspx?SpeciesID=4
Global Invasive Species Information Network (GISIN)
ID: 168123
Provider: Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Program
Kingdom: 5
Language: English
ResourceType: 1
URL: http://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=4
Global Invasive Species Information Network (GISIN)
ID: 169926
Provider: Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Program
Kingdom: 5
Language: English
ResourceType: 3
URL: http://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/SpeciesMap.aspx?SpeciesID=4
Global Invasive Species Information Network (GISIN)
ID: 29648
Provider: Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Program
Kingdom: 5
Language: English
ResourceType: 1
URL: http://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=4
Global Invasive Species Information Network (GISIN)
ID: 166320
Provider: Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Program
Kingdom: 5
Language: English
ResourceType: 0
URL: http://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/CollectionInfo.aspx?SpeciesID=4
Global Invasive Species Information Network (GISIN)
ID: 27843
Provider: Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Program
Kingdom: 5
Language: English
ResourceType: 0
URL: http://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/CollectionInfo.aspx?SpeciesID=4
Global Invasive Species Information Network (GISIN)
ID: 31453
Provider: Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Program
Kingdom: 5
Language: English
ResourceType: 3
URL: http://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/SpeciesMap.aspx?SpeciesID=4
Global Invasive Species Information Network (GISIN)
ID: 33258
Provider: Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Program
Kingdom: 5
Language: English
ResourceType: 3
URL: http://nas2.er.usgs.gov/viewer/omap.aspx?SpeciesID=4
Museums Field Guide apps species profiles – vertebrates
Brief description: Heavy bodied, large, lustrous, bronzy scales and four barbels around the mouth. Long based soft dorsal fin, moderately forked tail.
Description : A heavy bodied species with large, lustrous, bronzy scales and four barbels around the mouth. A long based soft dorsal fin originates from about midbody and the tail is moderately forked. The 'mirror carp' form has anomalous scalation with some oversized, misshapen silvery scales and areas of unscaled skin and fish derived from 'Koi' stock may be brightly coloured.
Biology : An introduced pest species that severely damages native habitat making less suitable for native species and can spread viruses to native fishes. The Mirror Carp is a naturally occurring variant with abnormal scalation and 'Koi' are ornamental strains originating from Japan.
Habitat: Freshwater lakes and streams; prefers still, turbid water.
Native status: Introduced pest
Maximum size (cm): 120 cm (usually much smaller in Australia)
Diet: Omnivore
Dangerous: Harmless.
Colours: Bronze, Olive, Gold
Distribution: South-eastern and South-Western Australia
Habitat types: Freshwater
Commercial species: False
Author credit: Ralph Foster & Amanda Manuel / South Australian Museum
Southern LEB fish distribution

Names and sources

Accepted name Source
Cyprinus carpio

Common Names

Common name Source
European Carp
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Asian Carp
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Blubber Lips
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Calico Carp
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Carp
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Chinese Carp
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Common Carp
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Edible Carp
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Euro
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German Carp
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Great Carp
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Koi Carp
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Leather Carp
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Mirror Carp
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Mud Sucker
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Nishiki-koi
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Fancy Carp
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Grass Carp
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Japanese Domesticated Carp
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King Carp
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Koi
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Scale Carp
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Wild Carp
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Wild Common Carp
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Working classification

kingdom
ANIMALIA
phylum
CHORDATA
subphylum
VERTEBRATA
suprageneric
GNATHOSTOMATA
suprageneric
PISCES
class
ACTINOPTERYGII
subphylum
EUTELEOSTEI
superorder
OSTARIOPHYSI
order
CYPRINIFORMES
family
CYPRINIDAE
genus
Cyprinus
species
Cyprinus carpio  Recorded in Australia

Occurrence records

View list of all occurrence records for this taxon

Charts showing breakdown of occurrence records

Hint: click on chart elements to view that subset of records

Record maps from other sources

3rd party distribution map
Source: feral.org.au
3rd party distribution map
Source: feral.org.au
3rd party distribution map
Source: feral.org.au
3rd party distribution map
Source: feral.org.au
3rd party distribution map
Source: feral.org.au
3rd party distribution map
Source: feral.org.au
3rd party distribution map
Source: feral.org.au
3rd party distribution map
Source: feral.org.au
3rd party distribution map
Source: feral.org.au
3rd party distribution map
Source: feral.org.au
3rd party distribution map
Source: feral.org.au
3rd party distribution map
Source: feral.org.au
3rd party distribution map
Source: feral.org.au
3rd party distribution map
Source: feral.org.au

Name references found in the Biodiversity Heritage Library

Name references found in the TROVE - NLA

Genbank

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