Name source
Australian Plant Census
Rank
species
Data links
LSID JSON / WMS /RDF

Life Science Identifier (LSID):

urn:lsid:biodiversity.org.au:apni.taxon:548758

LSIDs are persistent, location-independent,resource identifiers for uniquely naming biologically significant resources including species names, concepts, occurrences, genes or proteins, or data objects that encode information about them. To put it simply, LSIDs are a way to identify and locate pieces of biological information on the web.

Data Links

JSON

For a JSON view of this data, click here

WMS

To use WMS services, copy and paste the following GetCapabilities URL into your OGC client (e.g. uDIG, ESRI ArcGIS)
http://biocache.ala.org.au/ws/ogc/ows?q=species:Cirsium vulgare
For higher taxa, this will give you a hierarchical listing of layers for each taxon.

RDF

To download an RDF/XML document for the concepts and names click here
A JSON view of this information is here here
A html view of this information is here here

Further details

For more details on occurrence webservices, click here
For more details on names webservices, click here

Species presence
 Recorded In Australia
 Terrestrial Habitats

Occurrence records map

occurrence map map legend

View records list Map & analyse records

  • representative image of taxa

Description

Erect annual or biennial thistle to 1.5 m high. Stems winged with spines on the wings, cobwebby. Leaves lanceolate to ovate in outline, upper surface dark green and bristly, lower surface white woolly; basal leaves to 45 cm long in a rosette, initial leaves less lobed than later leaves, margins wavy to toothed, narrowing to the base; stem leaves to 25 cm long, lobed, not on a stalk and base continuing down stems as wings. ... source: Weeds Australia

It is a tall biennial or short-lived monocarpic thistle , forming a rosette of leaves and a taproot up to 70 cm long in the first year, and a flowering stem 1���1.5 m tall in the second (rarely third or fourth) year. The stem is winged, with numerous longitudinal spine-tipped wings along its full length. ... source: Wikipedia

Spear Thistle ( Cirsium vulgare ) is an erect annual or biennial herb to 1.5 m tall with a branching taproot to 70 cm deep, reproducing by seed. After germination the seed leaves (cotyledons) are elliptical and first true leaves are elliptical to lanceolate and slightly toothed with short spines on the margin and soft hairs on upper and lower surface. ... source: Weeds in Australia

Online resources

Australian Plant Image Index
Images, Occurrence record
Citizen Science
Images, Occurrence record
Encyclopedia of Life
Description, Images, Occurrence record
Flickr EOL
Images, Occurrence record
FloraBase - the Western Australian Flora
Reference, Scientific Description Author, Name Status, Images, Occurrence record
Global Invasive Species Database
Habitat, Synonym
National Institute of Invasive Species Science
Morphology, Habitat, Ecology
NatureShare
Images, Occurrence record
Plant NET Flora Online
Distribution Map
Plants of Scotia Sanctuary
Images, Occurrence record
Plants of the NSW South Coast & ACT - Don and Betty Wood
Images, Occurrence record
Weeds Australia
Description, Morphology, Reproduction, Images, Occurrence record
Weeds in Australia
Description, Distribution, Habitat, Reproduction, Synonym
Wikipedia
Description, Ecology, Images, Occurrence record

Species Lists

Census of Queensland 2013 - naturalised plants
Phylum: Flowering plants
Family: Asteraceae
National Weeds Lists
vernacular name: spear thistle
category: Targeted for biocontrol
authority: Target for biocontrol
references: http://www.weeds.org.au/management.htm
Queensland : Conservation Status
taxonId: 14001
Kingdom: plants
Class: higher dicots
Family: Asteraceae
vernacular name: spear thistle
scientificNameAuthorship: (Savi) Ten.
status: #N/A
sourceStatus: #N/A
QLD_NCA_status_description: #N/A
Endemicity: IU
Endemicity_description: Naturalised species - origin not defined
Global Invasive Species Information Network (GISIN)
ID: 173746
Provider: International Biological Information System
Kingdom: 4
Language: English
URL: http://www.citsci.org/cwis438/Browse/Organism/OrganismInfo_Info.php?TSN=36428
GUID: gisin.org/guid/CSU/IBIS/22
Global Invasive Species Information Network (GISIN)
ID: 27620
Provider: The Calflora Database
Kingdom: 4
Memo: 36428
Language: English
ResourceType: 1
URL: http://www.calflora.org/cgi-bin/species_query.cgi?where-calrecnum=2151
Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens
Family: ASTERACEAE
Genus: Cirsium
Specific epithet: vulgare
Count: 1
Woodvine Nature Reserve Checklist
Census of the Queensland Flora 2015 - Vascular plants
Phylum: Flowering plants
Family: Asteraceae

Names and sources

Accepted name Source
Cirsium vulgare

Synonyms

Synonyms Source
Carduus lanceolatus L. L. L.
Published in: Linnaeus, C. 1753, Species Plantarum 2 561-1200
Cirsium lanceolatum Hill, nom. illeg. Hill Hill
Published in: Domin, K. 1930, Beitrage zur Flora und Pflanzengeographie Australiens. Bibliotheca Botanica 22(89) 1201-1317
Cirsium lanceolatum (L.) Scop., nom. illeg. (L.) Scop. (L.) Scop.
Published in: Scopoli, J.A. [G.A.] 1772, Flora Carniolica Edn. 2. 2
Cnicus lanceolatus (L.) Willd. (L.) Willd. (L.) Willd.
Published in: Willdenow, C.L. 1787, Florae Berolinensis Prodromus
Carduus vulgaris Savi Savi Savi
Published in: Savi, C.G. 1798, Flora Pisana 2 1-500
Carduus lanceolatus L.
Published in: Tenison-Woods, J.E. 1881, Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania
Cirsium lanceolatum Hill
Published in: Domin, K. 1926, Beitrage zur Flora und Pflanzengeographie Australiens. Bibliotheca Botanica 22(89) 645-741
Cirsium lanceolatum (L.) Scop.
Published in: Black, J.M. 1929, Bignoniaceae - Compositae. Flora of South Australia 4 515-662
Cirsium lanceolatum (L.) Scop.
Published in: Mueller, F.J.H. von 1854, Second General Report of the Government Botanist on the Vegetation of the Colony. Victoria - Parliamentary Papers- Votes and Proceedings of the Legislative Assembly 1-20
Cirsium lanceolatum Hill
Published in: Hill, J. 1769, Herbarium Brittanicum 1
Cirsium lanceolatum Hill
Published in: Black, J.M. 1929, Bignoniaceae - Compositae. Flora of South Australia 4 515-662
Cirsium lanceolatum (L.) Scop.
Published in: Bentham, G. 1867, Orders XLVIII. Myrtaceae- LXII. Compositae. Flora Australiensis 3 1-704
Cnicus lanceolatus (L.) Willd.
Published in: Bailey, F.M. 1913, Comprehensive Catalogue of Queensland Plants
Cnicus lanceolatus (L.) Willd.
Published in: Hooker, J.D. 1859, Introductory Essay. The botany of the Antarctic voyage of H.M. Discovery ships Erebus and Terror. III. Flora Tasmaniae 2(11) i-cxxviii
Cnicus lanceolatus (L.) Willd.
Published in: Bentham, G. 1873, Notes on the Classification, History, and Geographical Distribution of Compositae. Journal of the Linnean Society, Botany 13 335-577
Cnicus lanceolatus (L.) Willd.
Published in: Abbot, F. 1879, Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania

Common Names

Common name Source
Black Thistle
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Bull Thistle
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Scotch Thistle
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Spear Thistle
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Working classification

kingdom
Plantae
phylum
Charophyta
class
Equisetopsida
subclass
Magnoliidae
superorder
Asteranae
order
Asterales
family
Asteraceae
genus
Cirsium
species
Cirsium vulgare  Recorded in Australia

Occurrence records

View list of all occurrence records for this taxon

Charts showing breakdown of occurrence records

Hint: click on chart elements to view that subset of records

Record maps from other sources

Name references found in the Biodiversity Heritage Library

Name references found in the TROVE - NLA

Genbank