Name source
Australian Faunal Directory
Data links

Life Science Identifier (LSID):

LSIDs are persistent, location-independent,resource identifiers for uniquely naming biologically significant resources including species names, concepts, occurrences, genes or proteins, or data objects that encode information about them. To put it simply, LSIDs are a way to identify and locate pieces of biological information on the web.

Data Links


For a JSON view of this data, click here


To use WMS services, copy and paste the following GetCapabilities URL into your OGC client (e.g. uDIG, ESRI ArcGIS) taurus
For higher taxa, this will give you a hierarchical listing of layers for each taxon.


To download an RDF/XML document for the concepts and names click here
A JSON view of this information is here here
A html view of this information is here here

Further details

For more details on occurrence webservices, click here
For more details on names webservices, click here

Species presence
 Recorded In Australia
 Marine Habitats
Conservation status
VICData Deficient or Delisted
AUCritically Endangered
VICListed under FFG Act

Occurrence records map

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  • representative image of taxa
    Source: Australian National Fish Collection Images
    Image by: Carley Bansemer
    Rights: Carley Bansemer


The eyes of the sand tiger shark tend to be small,lacking eyelids, one of the shark's many distinct characteristics. The head is rather pointy, as opposed to round, while the snout is flattened with a conical shape. Its body is stout and bulky and its mouth extends beyond the eyes. The sand tiger shark usually swims with its mouth open displaying three rows of protruding, smooth-edged, sharp-pointed teeth. ... source: Wikipedia

The grey nurse shark is grey–brown to bronze above and off white below. This countershaded, cryptic, colouration is typical of species that swim in open water.Juveniles have reddish or brownish spots on the posterior half of the body.The females reach a maximum length of 3.2 m while males grow to 2.6 m (Compagno 1984; Branstetter and Musick 1994).... source: Northern Territory Threatened Species List

The Greynurse Shark is grey-brown, pale brown or grey on top with whitish underside. The two dorsal fins and the anal fin are similar in size. It has a short pointed snout and small eyes. The tail has a distinct notch in the top lobe. Juveniles have darker spots that fade with age. Greynurse Shark is the only shark known to gulp and store air in its stomach to provide buoyancy. ... source: OZ Animals

Online resources

Australian National Fish Collection Images
Authoritative image
Encyclopedia of Life
Description, Images, Occurrence record, Video Page Url
Museum Victoria provider for OZCAM
Images, Occurrence record
Northern Territory Threatened Species List
Description, Distribution, Threats
OZ Animals
Description, Distribution, Morphology, Habitat, Diet, Reproduction, Images, Occurrence record
Port Phillip Marine Life
Images, Occurrence record
Reef Life Survey Images
Images, Occurrence record
Seafood Services Australia
CAAB Code, Author
Description, Habitat, Conservation, Reference, Images, Occurrence record

Species Lists

Western Australia : Conservation Status / Sensitive Species Lists
category: VU
Museums Field Guide apps species profiles – vertebrates
Brief description: Distinctive dagger-like teeth, grey-brown above and white below.
Description : A distinctive fish with dagger-like teeth that is usually grey-brown on top and a dusky white underneath. Both dorsal fins and the anal fin are of a similar size. Juveniles have reddish or brownish spots on the posterior (back) half of the body and tail. These spots often fade as the shark ages, but are sometimes still visible on adults. Body size up to 360 cm.
Biology : It is generally a slow-moving species that is not considered dangerous to people, although it should never be provoked by divers. During the day, individuals are usually found in the vicinity of dropoffs, caves and ledges. It feeds on fishes, which are pierced with the sharp teeth. The teeth are visible when the shark's mouth is closed and are constantly being replaced; each tooth is replaced every eight to fifteen days. After fertilization, the developing young are enclosed in egg cases within each uterus of the female. They hatch from the egg cases and then eat not only unfertilised eggs, but also their siblings. After about nine to twelve months, two young are born, one from each uterus. With its dagger-like teeth and appearances in the media, the Greynurse Shark was feared by beachgoers for many years. Nowadays we know that swimmers have nothing to fear from this species.
Habitat: Tropical and temperate waters from the surf zone down to 60 m.
Maximum size (cm): 360
Diet: Carnivore
Colours: Grey, Brown
Distribution: Around Australia: in the Atlantic, Indian and western Pacific oceans.
Habitat types: Marine
Depth: Shallow (1-30m),Deep (>30m)
Water column: Surface,Midwater
Commercial species: False
Author credit: Mark McGrouther / Australian Museum

Names and sources

Accepted name Source
Carcharias taurus


Synonyms Source
Eugomphodus taurus (Rafinesque, 1810)
Published in: Compagno, L.J.V. 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Sharks of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125 Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. pp. 1-249
Eugomphodus taurus (Rafinesque, 1810) (Rafinesque, 1810) (Rafinesque, 1810)
Odontaspis taurus (Rafinesque, 1810)
Published in: Coleman, N. 1980. Australian Sea Fishes South of 30ºS Lane Cove, NSW : Doubleday Australia Pty Ltd pp. 309 pp.
Odontaspis taurus (Rafinesque, 1810) (Rafinesque, 1810) (Rafinesque, 1810)
Odontaspis cinerea Ramsay, 1880 Ramsay, 1880 Ramsay, 1880
Published in: Ramsay, E.P. 1880. Notes on Galeocerdo rayneri, with a list of other sharks taken in Port Jackson. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W. Ser. 1 Vol. 5 (1) pp. 95-97 fig. 4
Carcharias arenarius Ogilby, 1911 Ogilby, 1911 Ogilby, 1911
Published in: Ogilby, J.D. 1911. Descriptions of new or insufficiently described fishes from Queensland waters. Ann. Qld Mus. Vol. 10 pp. 36-58 figs 5-6

Common Names

Common name Source
Greynurse Shark
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Blue Nurse Shark
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Grey Nurse Shark
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Nuss Shark
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Sand Shark
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Sand Tiger
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Sand Tiger Shark
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Shovel-nosed Shark
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Spotted Ragged Tooth
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Spotted Ragged-tooth Shark
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Blue-nurse Sand Tiger
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Dogfish Shark
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Gray Nurse Shark
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Grey Nurse
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Grey Nurse Shark (east Coast Population)
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Grey Nurse Shark (west Coast Population)
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Ground Shark
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Sandtiger Shark
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Slender-tooth Shark
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Spotted Ragged-tooth
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Spotted Raggedtooth
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Spotted Raggedtooth Shark
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Spotted Sand Tiger Shark
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Working classification

Carcharias taurus  Recorded in Australia

Occurrence records

View list of all occurrence records for this taxon

Charts showing breakdown of occurrence records

Hint: click on chart elements to view that subset of records

Name references found in the Biodiversity Heritage Library

Name references found in the TROVE - NLA


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