Name source
Australian Faunal Directory
Rank
species
Data links
LSID JSON / WMS /RDF

Life Science Identifier (LSID):

urn:lsid:biodiversity.org.au:afd.taxon:2167ae62-03a5-472d-925a-4d757b3a8de7

LSIDs are persistent, location-independent,resource identifiers for uniquely naming biologically significant resources including species names, concepts, occurrences, genes or proteins, or data objects that encode information about them. To put it simply, LSIDs are a way to identify and locate pieces of biological information on the web.

Data Links

JSON

For a JSON view of this data, click here

WMS

To use WMS services, copy and paste the following GetCapabilities URL into your OGC client (e.g. uDIG, ESRI ArcGIS)
http://biocache.ala.org.au/ws/ogc/ows?q=species:Rhinella marina
For higher taxa, this will give you a hierarchical listing of layers for each taxon.

RDF

To download an RDF/XML document for the concepts and names click here
A JSON view of this information is here here
A html view of this information is here here

Further details

For more details on occurrence webservices, click here
For more details on names webservices, click here

Species presence
 Recorded In Australia
 Terrestrial Habitats
Conservation status
IUCNLeast Concern

Occurrence records map

occurrence map map legend

View records list Map & analyse records

  • representative image of taxa
    Source: Wikipedia

Description

The cane toad is very large; the females are significantly longer than males, reaching an average length of 10���15 cm (3.9���5.9 in). "Prinsen", a toad kept as a pet in Sweden, is listed by the Guinness Book of Records as the largest recorded specimen. It reportedly weighed 2.65 kilograms (5.84 lb) and measured 38 cm (15 in) from snout to vent, or 54 cm (21 in) when fully extended. ... source: Wikipedia

Cane toads are relatively long-lived with specimens being recorded of 16 years. Females can weigh up to 2.5 kg. They are active mostly at night and eat mostly ants, termites and beetles but have been known to take a wide variety of insects, frogs, small reptiles and even some small mammals. Under ideal conditions, they can reach adult size within 12 months. ... source: feral.org.au

Cane Toads are large, stout amphibians with a dry and warty skin. Grey and olive brown above with pale belly with dark, irregular spots. The males make a low-pitched whirring sound when calling. source: OZ Animals

Online resources

Aus Wild Life
Images, Occurrence record
BowerBird
Images, Occurrence record
Citizen Science
Images, Occurrence record
Encyclopedia of Life
Description, Video Page Url, Images, Occurrence record
Flickr EOL
Images, Occurrence record
OZ Animals
Description, Distribution, Morphology, Habitat, Diet, Reproduction, Images, Occurrence record
Wikipedia
Description, Distribution, Ecology, Reference, Images, Occurrence record
feral.org.au
Description, Distribution, Distribution Map

Species Lists

Australian iconic species
WA State Notifiable Pests
LEGAL_STATUS_ID: PER-DP
CONTROL_CATEGORIES: C1 Exclusion
KEEPING_CATEGORY: Prohibited
DECLARED_AREAS: Whole of State
FAMILY: Bufonidae
COMMON_NAMES: Giant Toad,Cane Toad
Australian Pest Animal Strategy Vertebrate Pest Series 1 (APAS)
stateProvince: New South Wales
category: Regulated non-indigenous animal
authority: Non-Indigenous Animals Act (NSW) 1987
references: http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/nsw/consol_act/naa1987230/
categoryRemarks: Restrictions on importation, keeping, movement and release; Category 2 (Higher Risk)
Australian Pest Animal Strategy Vertebrate Pest Series 1 (APAS)
stateProvince: ACT
category: Not declared
Australian Pest Animal Strategy Vertebrate Pest Series 1 (APAS)
stateProvince: Australian Government
category: Key Threatening Process
authority: Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act (Cth) 1999
references: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/ktp/cane-toads.html
categoryRemarks: 'The biological effects, including lethal toxic ingestion, caused by Cane Toads (Bufo marinus)'
Australian Pest Animal Strategy Vertebrate Pest Series 1 (APAS)
stateProvince: Western Australia
category: Declared animal
authority: Agriculture and Related Resources Protection Act (WA) 1976
references: http://www.agric.wa.gov.au/PC_92738.html?s=1128678265
categoryRemarks: Caegories A1, A2, A3: Entry and keeping prohibited; subject to eradication in the wild
Australian Pest Animal Strategy Vertebrate Pest Series 1 (APAS)
stateProvince: Tasmania
category: Prohibited animal
authority: Nature Conservation Act (Tas) 2002
references: http://www.dpiw.tas.gov.au/inter/nsf/WebPages/MCAS-7Y59J5?open
categoryRemarks: Dead toads only may be imported subject to conditions of relevant possession permit
Australian Pest Animal Strategy Vertebrate Pest Series 1 (APAS)
stateProvince: South Australia
category: Declared animal pest
authority: Natural Resources Management Act (SA) 2004
references: http://www.pir.sa.gov.au/biosecuritysa/nrm_biosecurity/pest_animal
categoryRemarks: Class 2, Category 1. 'State Alert' status: all suspected occurrences must be notified to regional NRM Board within 24 hrs.
Australian Pest Animal Strategy Vertebrate Pest Series 1 (APAS)
stateProvince: Queensland
category: Non-declared
references: http://www.daff.qld.gov.au/4790_8261.htm
categoryRemarks: Specified non-declared species
Australian Pest Animal Strategy Vertebrate Pest Series 1 (APAS)
stateProvince: Northern Territory
category: Not declared
Australian Pest Animal Strategy Vertebrate Pest Series 1 (APAS)
stateProvince: Victoria
category: Declared Controlled Pest Animal (Schedule 2)
authority: Catchment and Land Protection Act (1994)
references: http://www.dpi.vic.gov.au/agriculture/pests-diseases-and-weeds/pest-animals/invasive-animal-classifications ; http://www.gazett.vic.gov.au/gazette/Gazettes2010/GG2010S399.pdf
categoryRemarks: Illegal to import, keep, trade or release unless authorised by permit.
Pest animals list
Global Invasive Species Information Network (GISIN)
ID: 166363
Provider: Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Program
Kingdom: 5
Language: English
ResourceType: 0
URL: http://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/CollectionInfo.aspx?SpeciesID=48
Global Invasive Species Information Network (GISIN)
ID: 29691
Provider: Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Program
Kingdom: 5
Language: English
ResourceType: 1
URL: http://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=48
Global Invasive Species Information Network (GISIN)
ID: 169969
Provider: Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Program
Kingdom: 5
Language: English
ResourceType: 3
URL: http://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/SpeciesMap.aspx?SpeciesID=48
Global Invasive Species Information Network (GISIN)
ID: 33301
Provider: Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Program
Kingdom: 5
Language: English
ResourceType: 3
URL: http://nas2.er.usgs.gov/viewer/omap.aspx?SpeciesID=48
Global Invasive Species Information Network (GISIN)
ID: 168166
Provider: Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Program
Kingdom: 5
Language: English
ResourceType: 1
URL: http://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=48
Global Invasive Species Information Network (GISIN)
ID: 31496
Provider: Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Program
Kingdom: 5
Language: English
ResourceType: 3
URL: http://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/SpeciesMap.aspx?SpeciesID=48
Global Invasive Species Information Network (GISIN)
ID: 171772
Provider: Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Program
Kingdom: 5
Language: English
ResourceType: 3
URL: http://nas2.er.usgs.gov/viewer/omap.aspx?SpeciesID=48
Global Invasive Species Information Network (GISIN)
ID: 27886
Provider: Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Program
Kingdom: 5
Language: English
ResourceType: 0
URL: http://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/CollectionInfo.aspx?SpeciesID=48
Museums Field Guide apps species profiles – vertebrates
Brief description: Grey, yellow, olive-brown or red-brown with dry, rough, bumpy skin and large swellings on each shoulder behind the eardrum.
Description : A large and heavily-built frog with dry, rough, bumpy skin. Grey, yellow, olive-brown or red-brown in colour; belly is pale with dark mottling. Hind feet have leathery webbing between the toes and hands are unwebbed. Adults have large swellings (the paratoid glands) on each shoulder behind the eardrum. The male is smaller and wartier than the female. Body Size up to 25 cm.
Biology : The Cane Toad can be distinguished from some native Australian frogs by its pupil shape and orientation, large paratoid glands and relatively big size. It sits upright and moves in short, rapid hops. Its call is similar to a 'purring' sound or a high-pitched dial-tone on a telephone. It can breed in most still or slow-flowing water, and tolerate salinity levels up to 15%. The female lays 8000 to 35000 eggs at a time and may produce two clutches a year. The eggs hatch within 24-72 hours. Cane Toads can grow very quickly and may reach sexual maturity within one year.
Habitat: Open clearings in urban areas and in grassland, woodland, sand dunes, coastal heath, to the margins of rainforest and mangroves.
Native status: Introduced pest.
Maximum size (cm): 25
Diet: Carnivore
Colours: Grey, brown, Yellow
Distribution: Northern and eastern Australia.
Habitat types: Terrestrial,Freshwater
Commercial species: False
Author credit: Louise Carter / Australian Museum

Names and sources

Accepted name Source
Rhinella marina

Synonyms

Synonyms Source
Bufo marinus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Linnaeus, 1758)
Chaunus marinus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Published in: Frost, D.R., Grant, T., et al. 2006. The amphibian tree of life. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. Vol. 297 pp. 1-370 + Fig. 50 foldout
Chaunus marinus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Linnaeus, 1758)
Rana marina Linnaeus, 1758 Linnaeus, 1758
Published in: Linnaeus, C. 1758. Classis III. Amphibia. Systema Naturae per Regna tria Naturae, secundem Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentis, Synonymis, Locis. Tom.1 Editio decima, reformata pp. 824 pp. pp. 194-238

Common Names

Common name Source
Cane Toad
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Giant Marine Toad
Read Only Mode
Marine Toad, Giant Toad
Read Only Mode
Giant Toad
Read Only Mode
Marine Toad
Read Only Mode

Working classification

kingdom
ANIMALIA
phylum
CHORDATA
subphylum
VERTEBRATA
suprageneric
GNATHOSTOMATA
class
AMPHIBIA
subclass
LISSAMPHIBIA
order
ANURA
family
BUFONIDAE
genus
Rhinella
species
Rhinella marina  Recorded in Australia

Occurrence records

View list of all occurrence records for this taxon

Charts showing breakdown of occurrence records

Hint: click on chart elements to view that subset of records

Record maps from other sources

3rd party distribution map
Source: feral.org.au
3rd party distribution map
Source: feral.org.au
3rd party distribution map
Source: feral.org.au
3rd party distribution map
Source: feral.org.au
3rd party distribution map
Source: feral.org.au
3rd party distribution map
Source: feral.org.au
3rd party distribution map
Source: feral.org.au
3rd party distribution map
Source: feral.org.au
3rd party distribution map
Source: feral.org.au
3rd party distribution map
Source: feral.org.au
3rd party distribution map
Source: feral.org.au
3rd party distribution map
Source: feral.org.au
3rd party distribution map
Source: feral.org.au
3rd party distribution map
Source: feral.org.au

Name references found in the Biodiversity Heritage Library

Name references found in the TROVE - NLA

Genbank

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