Name source
Australian Faunal Directory
Data links

Life Science Identifier (LSID):

LSIDs are persistent, location-independent,resource identifiers for uniquely naming biologically significant resources including species names, concepts, occurrences, genes or proteins, or data objects that encode information about them. To put it simply, LSIDs are a way to identify and locate pieces of biological information on the web.

Data Links


For a JSON view of this data, click here


To use WMS services, copy and paste the following GetCapabilities URL into your OGC client (e.g. uDIG, ESRI ArcGIS) japonicus
For higher taxa, this will give you a hierarchical listing of layers for each taxon.


To download an RDF/XML document for the concepts and names click here
A JSON view of this information is here here
A html view of this information is here here

Further details

For more details on occurrence webservices, click here
For more details on names webservices, click here

Species presence
 Recorded In Australia
 Marine Habitats

Occurrence records map

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  • representative image of taxa
    Source: Australian National Fish Collection Images
    Image by: Australian National Fish Collection, CSIRO
    Rights: Australian National Fish Collection, CSIRO. Image enhanced during FRDC project


The Mulloway can be recognised by its silvery to bronze-green colouration, moderately elongated body, caudal fin shape and the series of pearly white spots along the lateral line. The caudal fin varies from pointed in juveniles to concave dorsally in adults. source: Australian Museum Factsheets

Online resources

Australian Museum Factsheets
Description, Distribution, Morphology, Habitat, Images, Occurrence record
Australian National Fish Collection Images
Authoritative image, Images, Occurrence record
Encyclopedia of Life
Description, Images, Occurrence record, Video Page Url
Reef Life Survey Images
Images, Occurrence record

Species Lists

RLS profile v3
Abundance: 14
Behaviour: The croaking of mulloway is one of the characteristic sounds heard along the Swan estuary near Perth on still nights
Common_Name: Mulloway;
Depth: 2–150 m
Description: The croaking of mulloway is one of the characteristic sounds heard along the Swan estuary near Perth on still nights
Diet: Carnivore
Distribution: Exmouth Gulf, WA, to Burnett R, Qld. Also southern Africa, east Asia.
Frequency: 0.116
Habitat: Reef, sand, mud
IUCN_Threat_status: Not assessed
Invasive: Not known to be invasive
Max_size: 2 m
Range: 425.835
Threats: Recreational and commercial fishing
similar_species: A second species of sciaenid that is also highly regarded by anglers, the teraglin Atractoscion aequidens, is found in deep water off NSW; it differs from the mulloway in having an indented rather than slightly rounded tail
South Australian Fish from the AFD
Museums Field Guide apps species profiles – vertebrates
Brief description: Head and body generally silver; black patch above pectoral fin base; yellowish inside mouth; caudal fin rounded to broadly pointed.
Description : Head and body generally brilliant silver, but back sometimes greenish bronze. Conspicuous black patch above pectoral fin base; yellowish or orange inside mouth. Caudal fin rounded to broadly pointed.
Biology : Spawns from January to April. Males mature at 51 cm in 2+ years, females at 68 cm in 3+ years. Reaches 90 cm in about 5 years and lives for 25 to 30 years. Feeds mainly on worms, prawns, squid and smaller fishes.
Habitat: Bottom-dwelling; deep holes in estuaries, well-formed gutters off ocean beaches, silty coastal reefs, wrecks, or holes adjacent to offshore reefs in up to 40 m.
Maximum size (cm): 200
Diet: Carnivore
Colours: silver, grey
Distribution: Southern Australia, from Burnett River, Qld to Exmouth, WA.
Habitat types: Marine
Commercial species: False
Author credit: Jeff Johnson / Queensland Museum

Names and sources

Accepted name Source
Argyrosomus japonicus


Synonyms Source
Argyrosomus hololepidotus (Lacépède, 1801)
Sciaena japonica Temminck & Schlegel, 1844 Temminck & Schlegel, 1844
Published in: Temminck, C.J. & Schlegel, H. 1844. Pisces. Fauna Japonica Vol. 4(2–4) pp. 21-72 pls 7A-36
Sciaena antarctica Castelnau, 1872
Published in: Castelnau, F.L. de 1872. Contribution to the ichthyology of Australia. 1. The Melbourne fish market. Proc. Zool. Acclim. Soc. Vict. Vol. 1 pp. 29-242 1 pl.
Sciaena antarctica Castelnau, 1872 Castelnau, 1872
Sciaena neglecta Ramsay & Ogilby, 1886 Ramsay & Ogilby, 1886
Published in: Ramsay, E.P. & Ogilby, J.D. 1886. On an undescribed Sciaena from the New South Wales coast. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W. Ser. 2 Vol. 1 (3) pp. 941-942
Argyrosomus hololepidotus (Lacépède, 1801)
Published in: Kailola, P.J., Williams, M.J., Stewart, P.C., Reichelt, R.E., McNee, A. & Grieve, C. 1993. Australian Fisheries Resources Canberra : Bureau of Resource Sciences and the Fisheries Research and Development Corporation pp. 422 pp.
Argyrosomus hololepidotus (Lacépède, 1801)
Published in: Gomon, M.F. 1994. Family Sciaenidae. The Fishes of Australia's South Coast pp. 992 pp. 810 figs pp. 602-603, fig. 532
Argyrosomus hololepidotus (Lacépède, 1801)
Published in: Trewavas, E. 1977. The sciaenid fishes (croakers or drums) of the Indo-West Pacific. Trans. Zool. Soc. Lond Vol. 33 pp. 253-541 figs 1-61 pls 1-14
Argyrosomus hololepidotus (Lacépède, 1801)
Published in: Grant, E.M. 1991. Fishes of Australia Brisbane : EM Grant Pty Ltd pp. 480 pp.

Common Names

Common name Source
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Japanese Meagre
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River Kingfish
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School Jew
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Silver Jew
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Silver Jewfish
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Southern Meagre
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Silver Croaker
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Working classification

Argyrosomus japonicus  Recorded in Australia

Occurrence records

View list of all occurrence records for this taxon

Charts showing breakdown of occurrence records

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Name references found in the Biodiversity Heritage Library

Name references found in the TROVE - NLA


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