- Species presence
- Recorded In Australia
- Marine Habitats
Occurrence records map
- RLS profile v3
- Abundance: 1
- Behaviour: The velvetfish is a reasonably common species in southern Australia but is not often seen because of its cryptic appearance. It lives among broken rock bottom, sponges and seagrasses, and is most abundant in deep estuaries
- Commercial_Uses: None, other than trivial captures for aquarium trade
- Common_Name: Southern velvetfish;Velvet fish
- Depth: 1-30 m
- Description: The velvetfish is a reasonably common species in southern Australia but is not often seen because of its cryptic appearance. It lives among broken rock bottom, sponges and seagrasses, and is most abundant in deep estuaries
- Diet: Benthic invertebrates
- Distribution: Southern coasts of Australia from central-west to south-east.
- Frequency: 0.398
- Habitat: Rocky reef and seagrass
- IUCN_Threat_status: Not assessed
- Invasive: Not known to be invasive
- Life_History: Little known about life history
- Max_size: 230 mm
- Range: 10
- Threats: No major threats to this species are known
- South Australian Fish from the AFD
- Museums Field Guide apps species profiles – vertebrates
- Brief description: Velvety, multi-coloured, well-camouflaged fish. A continuous dorsal fin runs the length of the body, starting level with the front of the eyes.
- Description : A well-camouflaged species that blends well with its reef habitat. Brownish to purple in colour with blackish spots and white marbling. Skin velvety looking even on fins. Large specimens have elongated filaments along sides. Slender body with a continuous dorsal fin that starts level with the front of the eyes and runs the length of the body. Section on head higher than rest. Four blunt spikes on gill covers. The pectoral fins are quite large.
- Biology : Although reasonably common, the Southern Velvetfish is not often seen by divers (it is very well-camouflaged) and little is known of the life history. It feeds on bottom-dwelling invertebrates. The fin spines are venomous and can inflict a painful wound.
- Habitat: Rocky coastal reefs or nearby macroalgal, seagrass beds and sponge gardens; often in deeper estuaries to 30 m.
- Maximum size (cm): 20
- Diet: Carnivore
- Dangerous: Dorsal and pectoral fin spines are venomous.
- Colours: Brown, Purple, Black, white, Orange
- Distribution: Southern Australia.
- Habitat types: Marine
- Depth: Shallow (1-30m)
- Water column: On or near seafloor
- Commercial species: False
- Author credit: Ralph Foster & Amanda Manuel / South Australian Museum
Names and sources
|Aploactis milesii Richardson, 1850 Richardson, 1850|
|Published in: Richardson, J. 1850. Notices of Australian fish. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. Vol. 18 pp. 58-77 figs 1-3|
|Aploactisoma schomburgki Castelnau, 1872 Castelnau, 1872|
|Published in: Castelnau, F.L. de 1872. Contribution to the ichthyology of Australia. 2. Note on some South Australian fishes. Proc. Zool. Acclim. Soc. Vict. Vol. 1 pp. 243-248|
|Aploactisoma milesii horenda Whitley, 1933 Whitley, 1933|
|Published in: Whitley, G.P. 1933. Studies in Ichthyology No. 7. Rec. Aust. Mus. Vol. 19 (1) pp. 60-112 figs 1-4 pls 11-15|
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Name references found in the Biodiversity Heritage Library
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