Name source
Australian Faunal Directory
Data links

Life Science Identifier (LSID):

LSIDs are persistent, location-independent,resource identifiers for uniquely naming biologically significant resources including species names, concepts, occurrences, genes or proteins, or data objects that encode information about them. To put it simply, LSIDs are a way to identify and locate pieces of biological information on the web.

Data Links


For a JSON view of this data, click here


To use WMS services, copy and paste the following GetCapabilities URL into your OGC client (e.g. uDIG, ESRI ArcGIS) akindynos
For higher taxa, this will give you a hierarchical listing of layers for each taxon.


To download an RDF/XML document for the concepts and names click here
A JSON view of this information is here here
A html view of this information is here here

Further details

For more details on occurrence webservices, click here
For more details on names webservices, click here

Species presence
 Recorded In Australia
 Marine Habitats

Occurrence records map

occurrence map map legend

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  • representative image of taxa
    Source: Australian National Fish Collection Images
    Image by: BIO Photography Group, Biodiversity Institute of Ontario
    Rights: BIO Photography Group, Biodiversity Institute of Ontario


Adults are an orange-brown color with two white bars with black edging encircling the body. The first bar is located on the head behind the eyes and may be thin and broken. The second bar is on the body below the dorsal fin . The caudal peduncle and caudal fin are white. Juveniles are normally brown with three white stripes. ... source: Wikipedia

As its standard name suggests, the species is found on the northern Great Barrier Reef. It is a small, brown fish with two black-edged white bars. source: Australian Museum Factsheets

The Barrier Reef Anemonefish is brown with two black-edged white bars. The first bar crosses the head. The second bar crosses the body at the middle of the dorsal fin. The tail is white. Juveniles are brown with three white stripes. source: OZ Animals

Online resources

Australian Museum Factsheets
Description, Distribution, Morphology, Habitat
Australian National Fish Collection Images
Authoritative image, Images, Occurrence record
Encyclopedia of Life
Description, Images, Occurrence record, Video Page Url
OZ Animals
Description, Distribution, Morphology, Habitat, Diet, Reproduction, Images, Occurrence record
Reef Life Survey Images
Images, Occurrence record
Seafood Services Australia
CAAB Code, Author
Description, Distribution, Diet, Reference, Images, Occurrence record

Species Lists

State emblems
Emblem type: marine
State: Queensland
QLD Wildlife Data - species profile notes
AcceptedCommonName: Barrier Reef anemonefish
KingdomName: Animalia
KingdomCommonName: animals
ClassName: Actinopterygii
ClassCommonName: ray-finned fishes
FamilyName: Pomacentridae
FamilyCommonName: damselfishes
FamilyRank: 950768
Description: The Barrier Reef anemonefish has a brownish-orange body with a white tail. It has two white bars; one across the head and the other crossing the middle of the body. Juveniles are usually brown with three thick white bars. This species grows to 12cm in length.
BOTStatusCode: L
Endemicity: N
Distribution: The Barrier Reef anemonefish occur in tropical marine waters of the western Pacific from New Caledonia and the Loyalty Islands to eastern Australia. In Australia it is found from the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea to northern New South Wales.
Habitat: The Barrier Reef anemonefish live in warm tropical reef waters and lagoons between 1 and 25m deep with temperatures ranging from 10 to 32°C. They inhabit areas only where one or more of the 10 favoured host anemone species are found.
Behaviour: The anemonefish has a very interesting social structure. Within a single anemone, the largest and most dominant fish is a female, the next largest is her mate, with two to four other males living peacefully within this social ladder. If the female dies, the next largest male will change sex within days and become the dominant female, and the second largest male will become the new mate.
The anemonefish avoid predators by staying in and around their host anemone, safe from bigger fish that are not protected from anemone stings. They may be preyed on when they are away from their host anemone, either as juveniles looking for a host or when ejected from their territory by another anemonefish.
They are able to live and safely shelter among anemones without being harmed by the nematocysts (stinging cells) present on the anemone's tentacles. The anemonefish are protected from harm by a special mucous substance which is present on their scales. Once accepted, the anemonefish incorporates anemone mucous onto its own coat until the anemone no longer stings it, recognising the anemonefish as part of itself.
The anemonefish imprint onto their host anemone during their larval stage and are able to follow a trail of chemicals released by this same host anemone, allowing these fish to return to the same species of host anemone to live and spawn. Once returning, the anemonefish has to rebuild its immunity (protection) from the stinging cells to avoid being stung. Anemonefish live between 6-10 years in the wild. They have been known to live up to 18 years in captivity.
Reproduction: Barrier Reef anemonefish are hermaphroditic (having both male and female reproductive organs), with young developing into males first and later into females if required. The spawning behaviour of this species has three main phases: courtship and nest preparation, followed by spawning, and finally nest guarding or incubation. Spawning usually occurs during the morning hours and can last from 30 minutes to more than two hours. During this process the female will swim in a zig-zag path over the nest and deposit eggs by brushing the nest surface. The male follows behind the female and fertilises the eggs as they are laid. The number of eggs deposited can range from 100 to over 1000, depending on the size of the fish. The eggs are about 3-4mm in length and attach to the nest surface by a tuft of short filaments (strands). The incubation period lasts for six or seven days and during this time both parents care for the eggs, with the male taking a more active role in these duties.
Diet: This species mostly eat zooplankton (microscopic animals in the water column), aquatic or marine worms and phytoplankton (microscopic plants in the water column). They may also feed on scraps of fish that have been captured by the host anemone.
References: Arvedlund, M., Bundgaard, I. & Nielsen, L. (2000). Host imprinting in anemonefishes (Pisces: Pomacentridae): does it dictate spawning site preferences? Environmental Biology of Fishes, 58(2): 203-213.
Fautin, D.G. & Allen, G.R. (1992). Anemone Fishes and their Host Sea Anemones. Western Australian Museum, Perth. Pp. 159.
McGrouther, M. (2006). Find a Fish: Barrier Reef Anemonefish, Amphiprion akindynos Allen, 1972. Australian Museum, Sydney. Accessed 16/10/2008, [].
Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R.C. (1997). Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Crawford House Press, Bathurst. Pp. 557.
Wenk, A. (2003). Amphiprion akindynos. Animal Diversity Web. University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, Ann Arbor. Accessed 06/06/2008, [].
Author: (2008-11-09 00:00:00)

Names and sources

Accepted name Source
Amphiprion akindynos

Common Names

Common name Source
Barrier Reef Anemonefish
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Brown Anemonefish
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Guarded Anemone Fish
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Two-banded Anemone-fish
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Two-banded Anemonefish
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Working classification

Amphiprion akindynos  Recorded in Australia

Occurrence records

View list of all occurrence records for this taxon

Charts showing breakdown of occurrence records

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Name references found in the Biodiversity Heritage Library

Name references found in the TROVE - NLA