- Species presence
- Recorded In Australia
- Marine Habitats
Occurrence records map
One of the largest and most easily recognised fishes resident on rocky reefs in south-eastern Australia. Juveniles and females are a grey to green colour, often with pale blotches on the side and back, and males are a distinct blue colour.
One of the largest and most easily recognised fishes resident on rocky reefs in south-eastern Australia. ... source: Reef Life Survey
The Eastern Blue Groper is found along most of the eastern Australian coastline in a wide range of reef habitats from Hervey Bay in southern Queensland to Wilsons Promontory in Victoria. It was made the NSW fish emblem in 1996. Despite the common name these fish are wrasse, not true gropers. source: Marine Education Society of Australasia
The thick bodied blue gropers have peg teeth, heavy scales, a large tail and thick lips. Juveniles are brown to green brown. Adult females are brown to reddish-brown. Each scale may have a darker red spot. The adult males have the bright blue colouring that give the fish their name. The blue can range from deep navy to cobalt blue, and there may also be darker or yellow-orange spots or lines around the eyes.... source: Australian Museum Factsheets
- Australian Museum Factsheets
- Description, Distribution, Morphology, Habitat
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- Encyclopedia of Life
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- Marine Education Society of Australasia
- OZ Animals
- Description, Distribution, Morphology, Habitat, Diet
- Reef Life Survey
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- Seafood Services Australia
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- State emblems
- Emblem type: marine
- State: New South Wales
- RLS profile v3
- Abundance: 2.813
- Behaviour: Large males are site-attached, inquisitive and often become tame at frequently dived sites. Although they should be considered harmless, there have been records of biting divers' hands, likely related to being fed by divers.
- Commercial_Uses: Subject to intense spearfishing prior to 1970, but now protected from spearfishing and commercial fishing in NSW.
- Common_Name: Eastern blue groper;
- Depth: 0-40 m
- Description: One of the largest and most easily recognised fishes resident on rocky reefs in south-eastern Australia. Juveniles and females are a grey to green colour, often with pale blotches on the side and back, and males are a distinct blue colour.
- Diet: Benthic invertebrates
- Distribution: Central and southern east coast of Australia.
- Frequency: 35.967
- Habitat: Rocky reef
- IUCN_Threat_status: Near Threatened
- Invasive: Not known to be invasive
- Life_History: Protogynous hermaphrodite; females change to males at approximately 500 mm. Maximum age approximately 35 years.
- Max_size: 1 m
- Range: 212.689
- Threats: Recreational and commercial fishing
- similar_species: Similar to Achoerodus gouldii. Primarily distinguished by distribution, with A. gouldii only found west of central Victoria, although the two species potentially overlap in this area. A. viridis females and juveniles are lighter green-brown with pale blotches on the side and scribbles around the eye, whereas A. gouldii females and juveniles are uniform green.
Names and sources
|Heterochoerops viridis Steindachner, 1866|
|Published in: Steindachner, F. 1866. Über die Fische von Port Jackson in Australien. Anz. K. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Naturwiss Kl. Vol. 3 (7) pp. 50-55|
|Trochocopus unicolor Günther, 1876|
|Published in: Günther, A. 1876. Remarks on fishes, with descriptions of new species in the British Museum, chiefly from southern seas. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. Ser. 4 Vol. 17 (43) pp. 389-402|
|Platychoerops badius Ogilby, 1893|
|Published in: Ogilby, J.D. 1893. Edible Fishes and Crustaceans of New South Wales Sydney : Government Printer pp. 212 pp. 51 pls|
|Eastern Blue Groper|
|Eastern Blue Wrasse|